Marcello Musto

Marcello Musto

Born April 14, 1976, MA in Political Science, University of Napoli - L'Orientale, PhD in Philosophy and Politics, University of Napoli - L'Orientale, and PhD in Philosophy, University of Nice - Sophia Antipolis, teaches Political Theory at the Department of Political Science of York University (Toronto).

Read my biography


The Last Years of Karl Marx: An Intellectual Biography, Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2020 (xiv + 194 pages).

italy flag  Tamil Nadu flag  brazil flag  korea flag  Germany Flag  japan2  flag egypt  farsi flagmexico flag   portuguese flag


In the last years of his life, Karl Marx expanded his research in new directions—studying recent anthropological discoveries, analyzing communal forms of ownership in precapitalist societies, supporting the populist movement in Russia, and expressing critiques of colonial oppression in India, Ireland, Algeria, and Egypt. Between 1881 and 1883, he also traveled beyond Europe for the first and only time. Focusing on these last years of Marx's life, this book dispels two key misrepresentations of his work: that Marx ceased to write late in life, and that he was a Eurocentric and economic thinker fixated on class conflict alone.

With The Last Years of Karl Marx, Marcello Musto claims a renewed relevance for the late work of Marx, highlighting unpublished or previously neglected writings, many of which remain unavailable in English. Readers are invited to reconsider Marx's critique of European colonialism, his ideas on non-Western societies, and his theories on the possibility of revolution in noncapitalist countries. From Marx's late manuscripts, notebooks, and letters emerge an author markedly different from the one represented by many of his contemporary critics and followers alike. As Marx currently experiences a significant rediscovery, this volume fills a gap in the popularly accepted biography and suggests an innovative reassessment of some of his key concepts.



"Marcello Musto, arguably the greatest connoisseur of Marx’s life, offers us one revelation after another. Whereas many had understood the period after the Paris Commune as a time of divulgation and implementation of his already established political doctrine, Musto instead brilliantly demonstrates that Marx spent these years opening new and important theoretical horizons upon which we must meditate in order not to remain “Marxists” against Marx himself!"

Étienne Balibar

"Marcello Musto’s work is essential for his analysis of Marx’s life and thought. In this book, Musto focuses on Marx’s inquiries in his final years. The anthropological manuscripts, the studies on the transformation of property and the criticism against colonialism written in this period are striking. Musto takes us by the hand and invites us to discover a new Marx."

Antonio Negri

"This volume is a major contribution to the study of Marx and revolutionary thought. Beautifully written, constructed through an insightful examination of thousands of pages of Marx’s unpublished writings and notes, this book represents a timely contribution to the contemporary Marx revival. It is a gift to the many who still look to Marx for political inspiration."

Silvia Federici



Review31, by Daniel Whittall, 14/11/2020.

Socialism and Democracy, by Paula Rauhala, 21/02/2021.

Marx and Philosophy, by Robert Ware, 11/04/2021.


Os último anos de Marx. Uma biografia intelectual, Lisbon: Parsifal, (207 pages).

italy flag  Tamil Nadu flag  brazil flag  korea flag  Germany Flag  japan2  flag egypt  farsi flagmexico flag  united states flagcatalan flag


Nos últimos anos de vida, Marx alargou a sua pesquisa a novas direcções. Debruçou-se sobre descobertas antropológicas recentes, analisou diferentes modos de propriedade de bens em sociedades pré-capitalistas, apoiou o movimento populista na Rússia e criticou a opressão colonial na Índia, Irlanda, Argélia e Egipto. Entre 1881 e 1883, viajou também, pela primeira e única vez, para fora da Europa.

Concentrando-se no labor dos seus últimos anos, este livro analisa as duas principais distorções ao seu trabalho: por um lado, que Marx deixara de escrever no final da sua vida; por outro, que era um pensador eurocêntrico e económico, concentrado apenas no conflito entre classes.

Marcello Musto defende uma nova relevância do trabalho tardio de Marx. Neste livro, o leitor é convidado a reconsiderar a crítica deste filósofo ao colonialismo europeu, as suas ideias sobre sociedades não ocidentais e as suas teorias sobre a possibilidade de revolução em países não capitalistas. Dos últimos manuscritos, cadernos e correspondência de Marx, surge um autor que se diferencia marcadamente da forma como tinha vindo a ser representado pelos seus seguidores e críticos contemporâneos.

Os Últimos Anos de Marx – Uma Biografia Intelectual vem preencher um vazio no conhecimento da vida e da obra de um dos mais influentes pensadores contemporâneos, não deixando de incentivar, em paralelo, uma reavaliação das suas ideias.



"Marcello Musto, neste formidável livro, é o primeiro a analisar com profundidade o “último Marx”, descobrindo as fascinantes pistas que abriu, nesses derradeiros anos, o grande adversário do capitalismo."

Michael Löwy


"Todos nós estamos a rediscutir Marx. Dentre a vasta literatura existente, o novo trabalho de Marcello Musto destaca-se como uma cuidadosa análise contextual dos últimos escritos e contributos de Marx para a nossa compreensão do mundo – ontem, hoje e amanhã. Os Últimos Anos de Marx – Uma Biografia Intelectual é uma obra excepcional e essencial para todos nós."

Immanuel Wallerstein


"Este livro é um contributo de peso para o estudo de Marx e do pensamento revolucionário. Impecavelmente escrito, construído através de uma análise competente de milhares de páginas do trabalho não publicado de Marx, é uma dádiva para muitos que ainda olham para Marx como uma fonte de inspiração política."

Silvia Federici


"O trabalho de Marcello Musto é fundamental para a análise da vida e do pensamento de Marx. (...) Neste livro, leva-nos pela mão, convidando-nos a descobrir um novo Marx."

Antonio Negri



Sapo Mag, 20/06/2020.

Expresso, by Valedmar Cruz, 27/06/2020.

SIC Notícias, by Francisco Louçã, 11/09/2020., by Luís Leiria, 05/10/2020.

Diário de Notícias, by João Céu e Silva, 02/11/2020.


The Marx Revival: Key Concepts and New InterpretationsCambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2020 (xxii + 409 pages).

italy flag


The planet is in deep trouble because of capitalism, and Karl Marx, freed from the chains of “real socialism”, is being rediscovered all around the world as the thinker who provided us with its most insightful critique.


The Marx Revival is the best, most complete and most modern guide to Marx’s ideas that has appeared since the fall of the Berlin Wall. Written by highly reputed international experts, in a clear form accessible to a wider public, it brings together the liveliest and most thought-provoking contemporary interpretations of Marx’s work. It presents what he actually wrote in respect of 22 key concepts, the areas that require updating as a result of changes since the late-nineteenth century, and the reasons why it is still of such relevance in today’s world. The result is a collection that will prove indispensable both for specialists and for a new generation approaching Marx’s work for the first time.



"It is no surprise that in times like these we see a major revival of interest in Marx. But which Marx will be revived? The essays collected here portray a thinker far removed from old-school orthodoxies. Complicating received understandings of labor, class struggle, and revolution, they reveal a restless intellect grappling with migration and ecological destruction; democracy, nationalism and war; faultiness of gender, ethnicity and race. The result is a revelation: a Marx for our times."

Nancy Fraser, The New School

"The Marx Revival is a book brimming with new insights and perspectives on a great, complex intellectual oeuvre, only now beginning to be published in full. This is Marx for the 21st Century."

Göran Therborn, University of Cambridge

"The Marx Revival will be the place to start for readers seeking sweeping, comprehensive, and professional summaries of the state of play in Marx scholarship. This highly-recommended collection offers a first-rate analysis of the leading problems, themes, and concepts in the field by leading scholars from many disciplines."

Gregory Claeys, University of London



Social Identities: Journal for the Study of Race, Nation and Culture, by Arkayan Ganguly, 01/04/2021.

Scottish Left Review, by Sean Sheehan, 03/2021.


Karl Marx, 1881-1883. El último viaje del Moro, México, D.F.: Siglo XXI, 2020 (178 pages).

italy flag  Tamil Nadu flag  brazil flag  korea flag  Germany Flag  japan2  flag egypt  farsi flag   portuguese flag  united states flag catalan flag


En los últimos años de su vida, Karl Marx extendió su investigación a nuevas disciplinas, conflictos políticos, cuestiones teóricas y áreas geográficas. Marx estudió los recientes descubrimientos antropológicos, analizó las formas comunales de propiedad en las sociedades precapitalistas, apoyó la lucha del movimiento de los naródniki en Rusia, expresó críticas a la opresión colonial en India, Irlanda, Argelia y Egipto, y viajó más allá de Europa por primera y única vez. Karl Marx, 1881-1883. El último viaje del Moro disipa el mito de que Marx dejó de escribir en la vejez y desafía la distorsionada representación de Marx como un pensador eurocéntrico y economicista que estaba obsesionado sólo con el conflicto de clases.

Marcello Musto reivindica una renovada relevancia para la obra de Marx, destacando escritos inéditos o desatendidos anteriormente, muchos de los cuales siguen sin estar disponibles en español. Se invita a los lectores a reconsiderar la crítica de Marx al colonialismo europeo, sus ideas sobre las sociedades no occidentales y sus teorías sobre la posibilidad de la revolución en los países no capitalistas. De los últimos manuscritos, cuadernos y cartas de Marx surge un autor notablemente diferente del que ha sido representado por muchos de sus críticos contemporáneos y seguidores.

En tanto que actualmente Marx está experimentando un redescubrimiento significativo, este libro llena un vacío en la biografía aceptada popularmente y sugiere una innovadora reevaluación de algunos de sus conceptos clave.



"Marcello Musto, probablemente el mayor conocedor de la vida de Marx, nos ofrece una revelación tras otra. Mientras que muchos habían entendido el período posterior a la Comuna de París como un tiempo de divulgación de su ya establecida doctrina política, Musto en cambio demuestra de maneta brillante que Marx pasó estos años abriendo nuevos e importantes horizontes teóricos."

Etienne Balibar

"La obra de Marcello Musto es esencial para el análisis de la vida y el pensamiento de Marx. En este libro, Musto se centra en las investigaciones de Marx durante sus últimos años. Los manuscritos antropológicos, los estudios sobre la transformación de la propiedad y las críticas contra el colonialismo escritos en este período son sorprendentes. Musto nos lleva de la mano y nos invita a descubrir un nuevo Marx."

Antonio Negri



Trabajos y Comunicaciones, by Marcelo Starcenbaum, 15/01/2020.

El Universal, 10/05/2020.

La Izquierda Diario, by Juan Dal Maso, 28/06/2020.

Goodreads, by Salvador Medina, 08/11/2020.

Boletín CLACSO, by Aracelo Mondragón, 01/12/2020.

Hic Rhodus. Crisis capitalista, polémica y controversias, by Jaime Ortega, 01/12/2020.

Herramienta, by Francisco Sobrino, 15/01/2021.


Marx revival. Concetti essenziali e nuove letture, Roma: Donzelli, 2019 (XVI + 472 pages).

united kingdom flag


Il pianeta è in difficoltà a causa del capitalismo e Marx, libero dalle catene dei “socialismi reali”, ritorna a essere scoperto, su scala globale e a tuttotondo, come il pensatore che ne ha fornito la sua critica più perspicace.

Curato con il consueto rigore da Marcello Musto, considerato tra i massimi studiosi di Marx nel mondo, Marx revival costituisce la migliore, più completa e più aggiornata guida alle idee di Marx che sia stata realizzata in seguito alla caduta del Muro di Berlino. Scritto dai più prestigiosi esperti internazionali di Marx – provenienti da numerosi paesi e discipline e, in gran parte, tradotti per la prima volta in Italia – in questo libro si incontrano le più vibrante e provocatorio interpretazioni contemporanee dell’opera marxiana. Esso mostra, con chiarezza e per un pubblico generalista, cosa ha davvero scritto Marx in merito a 22 concetti essenziali, in quali casi la sua analisi va aggiornata in base alle trasformazioni intervenute dalla fine dell’Ottocento e perché egli sia ancora così tanto attuale. In questa ambiziosa opera collettiva vengono affrontati, in modo innovativo, alcuni tra i temi classici della riflessione marxiana (ad esempio, capitalismo, comunismo, proletariato, lotta di classe) e, al contempo, vengono analizzate tematiche (quali ecologia, migrazioni, eguaglianza di genere, nazionalismo e questione etnica) raramente accostate al pensiero di Marx.

Il risultato finale è un testo indispensabile sia per gli specialisti che credono, erroneamente, di sapere già tutto di Marx che per una nuova generazione di lettori che ancora non conosce i suoi scritti.



Il Foglio, by Alfonso Berardinelli, 14/12/2019.

La Lettura, by Antonio Carioti, 15/12/2019.

Il Foglio, by Giuseppe Bedeschi, 17/12/2019.

Il Manifesto, by Stefano Petrucciani, 17/12/2019.

Gli Stati generali, by Marco Veruggio, 10/01/2020.

L'Indice dei libri del mese, by Cesare Pianciola, 01/02/2020.

Il Mattino, by Francesco Romanetti, 17/02/2020.

Infiniti Mondi, by Gianfranco Nappi, 20/02/2020.

Jacobin Italia, by Biagio Sarnataro, 26/04/2020.

Fata Morgana, by Lorenzo Mari, 25/05/2020.

Gli Asini, by Antonino Morreale, 01/07/2020.

Thomas Project, by Biagio Sarnataro, 01/09/2020.

Critica Marxista, by Massimo Mammonesi, 01/09/2020.

PULP Libri, by Giuseppe Costigliola, 25/11/2020.

Altraparola, by David Frati, 21/12/2020.

Mangialibri, by David Frati, 21/12/2020.


Karl Marx’s Life, Ideas, Influences: A Critical Examination on the Bicentenary, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2019 (xxv + 378 pages).


Since the latest crisis of capitalism broke out in 2008, Marx has been back in fashion and sometimes it seems that his ideas have never been as topical, or as commanding of respect and interest, as they are today.  

This edited collection arises from one of the largest international conferences dedicated tothe bicentenary of Marx’s birth. The volume contains 16 chapters authored byglobally renowned scholars and is divided into two parts: I) On the Critique of Politics; II) On the Critique of Political Economy.

These contributions, from multiple academic disciplines, offer diverse perspectives on why Marx is still so relevant for our times and make this book a source of great appeal for both expert scholars of Marx as well as students and general readers who are approaching his theories for the first time.



“An excellent collection which showcases a lot of the latest scholarship on Marx and his legacy. Comprehensive and incisive, it is an outstanding contribution to its field.”

David McLellan, Professor of Political Theory, University of Kent, UK

“Addressing both the political dimensions of Marx’s work—notably in Capital, which is often neglected from this perspective—and the significance of his contributions through the critique of political economy, this volume brings together internationally renowned figures in Marx scholarship for genuine dialog and rich, well-informed debates. A truly excellent book.”

George C. Comninel, Professor of Political Theory, York University, Canada



LSE Review of Books, by Janaína de Faria, 01/12/2020.


مارکس در واپسین سال‌ها (1881ـ1883): زندگی‌نامه‌ی فکری، مارچلو موستو، ترجمه‌ی مهدی صابری، تهران: نشر چشمه، 1398 ،(185 صفحه)

italy flag  Tamil Nadu flag  brazil flag  korea flag  Germany Flag  japan2  flag egypt mexico flag  portuguese flag   united states flag catalan flag


مارکس در واپسین سال‌ها مروری است بر سه سال آخر زندگی کارل مارکس. مارچلو موستو با بررسی نوشته‌های سال‌های پایانی مارکس نشان می‌دهد برخلاف برخی افسانه‌ها او به‌هیچ‌وجه کنجکاوی فکری‌اش را کنار نگذاشته بود. او در این سال‌ها به مطالعات عمیقی درباره‌ی یافته‌های تازه در انسان‌شناسی، شکل‌های اشتراکی مالکیت در جوامع پیشاسرمایه‌داری، تحولات روسیه در پی امحای سرف‌داری و زایش دولت مدرن پرداخت؛ و همچون تمام طول عمرش در حال پیگیری رویداد‌های مهم سیاست بین‌المللی و حمایت از جنبش‌های رهایی‌بخش بود.
«مارکس در واپسین سال‌ها خودمانی‌ترین دوران او نیز هست:‌ شکنندگی‌اش را در زندگی پنهان نمی‌کرد و در عین حال به مبارزه ادامه می‌داد، از شک طفره نمی‌رفت بلکه بی‌پرده با آن روبه‌رو می‌شد، به‌ جای پناه بردن به قطعیت نظرات خود و استقبال از ستایش نسنجیده‌ی نخستین "مارکسیست‌ها"، پیش بردن سریع پژوهشش را برگزید. این مارکس یکی از آن تبارِ بسیار نادر و از بیخ‌وبن شورشی است، سراسر متفاوت با تصویر ابوالهولی مرمرین که با یقینی جزمی به آینده اشاره می‌کند.»