Archive

Undergraduate Courses

Additional info
  • University Name: York University

York University
Department of Sociology
Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies

AP/SOCI 2040 6.0 A (Y) - Section B

Sociological Theory

Fall 2019 - Winter 2020

Course Director: Marcello Musto
Class Time: Thursday 16:30 - 18:30
Class Location: DB 0001
Office Location: Ross Building N833A
Office Hours: Monday 16:30 - 18:30 (and by appointment)
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Teaching Assistants: Sadia Khan - Michael Smith

Course Syllabus



This course deals with the development of sociological theory from the major foundational thinkers of the 19th and early 20th century, through recent approaches informed by a variety of critical perspectives. Much of classical sociological theory was focussed upon growing awareness of society, as such, being the subject of profound change. Central questions addressed by its main authors were: “What is the nature of the society emerging in (and from) 19th century Europe?” and “What is its significance with respect to the development of humanity?” Difference of opinion and profound debate have been characteristic of sociological theory and have widely been recognized as contributing to its development. Since the last decades of the 20th century, the enduring debates have been compounded, without being entirely superseded, by new critical approaches that have sought new insights not only into the nature of society and social change, but of the ways in which knowledge in, and of, society are constructed.
The first part of the course will focus on the principal authors, texts and debates of the classical era of sociology. A wide range of thinkers helped establish the context for, built upon the insights of, filled the gaps between, and discerned alternatives to, the often conflicting ideas of the recognized giants of classical social theory (among others Karl Marx, Émile Durkheim and Max Weber).
The second part of the course will focus on the contributions and controversies that have followed from broad recognition of sociology as a distinct intellectual discipline, coupled with recurrent efforts to shed light on its most basic theoretical underpinnings. These additions to the corpus of classical sociological theory have extended its critical range and multiplied its analytical power and complexity.
A primary goal of this course is to illuminate the role of critical analysis in the expansion and deepening of social knowledge, insisting upon the need for every individual to become informed by confronting ideas in debate and then to arrive at a personal position through a critical evaluation of alternatives.

Course Requirements


Class and Tutorial Participation:

This course is taught in 24 weekly lectures - lasting 1 hour and 50 minutes - and tutorials lasting 50 minutes. Participation will be marked on the basis of a combination of attendance to lectures and tutorials.

Class participation: attendance and informed participation at all class meetings is not only strongly recommended, but required. Students are expected to attend class regularly, complete the assigned readings on time, and participate actively.

Please note that food and the use of cell phone in classroom will not be allowed.

Tutorial participation: The Teaching Assistant will lead the discussion among the students and will also respond to their questions.

Students are required to come prepared to tutorials, with a one page abstract (around 500 words) about the readings, which may include reflections on the main concepts included in the texts, questions about them, problems encountered with the readings (terminology, historical context, etc.), critical comparison with contemporary issues, etc.


Midterm Exams:

Two midterm exams will be held on October 24, 2019 and on February 27, 2020, at the regular class time and place. The exam will last 90 minutes and it will consist of answering to 3 questions drawn from the readings assigned until that date. At the fall mid-term exam students will be required to respond to questions concerning the readings from week 1 to week 6, while at the winter mid-term exam students will have to respond to questions related to the readings of the period lasting weeks 8 to week 18.
Medical or family emergencies are the only reasons for legitimate absences from tests. Students are required to submit documentation indicating the reason for their absence. Students who miss a test will be offered the opportunity to write an additional assignment worth the same amount as the test that was missed only one time.
All students who require extra accommodation for either tests or assignments are responsible for consulting with the York University office in charge of alternate exam/test.

Midterm marks will be available by email (please contact your Teaching Assistant) before November 10, 2019, for the Fall term, and March 9, 2020, for the Winter term.


Final Paper:

The final paper will be divided in two parts: 1) Abstract of the Readings; and 2) Final Essay.

Abstract of the Readings: students should deliver 3 abstracts (of about 500 words each - total of 1.500 words) of the readings from week 20 to week 24.

Final Essay: approximately 3.000 - 3.500 words, including footnotes and a final bibliography (roughly 10 pages double-spaced in 12 pt. 'Times New Roman' font). This essay has to be clearly structured (divided into at least 3 sections), and written with rigorous reference to supporting evidence; generally, 1-2 references to books or articles per page is a good rule of thumb. These sources may include assigned readings, but there must also be evidence of further research.
Students are free to propose their own final paper topic, but it has to be related to the authors and/or the writings read during the course (papers on the sociological theory as a whole of one or more authors, or offering comparison among different sociological conceptions, are the most welcome). Students are encouraged to discuss the topic of the final essay with the Teaching Assistants.
Due date of the abstract of the readings and of the final essay is April 23. Assignments not received after this point will be considered late. The penalty for the first 48 hours late is 5% and 2% will be subtracted for every subsequent day up until a week after the initial due date, totalling a maximum deduction of 15%. After the seventh day, no assignments will be accepted unless the student can provide documentation.


Access to Course Readings:

Many of the required readings are classical of sociological thought and are, therefore, available on-line (more information will be given in class).

All required and additional readings indicated in the syllabus are available at Scott library. The following textbooks, which you may find useful to consult during the year, have been placed on two hours reserve at Scott library:

Applerouth, Scott A., and Laura Desfor Edles, Classical and Contemporary Sociological Theory: Text and Readings, Thousand Oaks: Pine Forge Press, 2012.

Dillon, Michelle, Introduction to Sociological Theory: Theorists, Concepts, and their Applicability to the Twenty-First Century, Malden: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009.

Farganis, James, Readings in Social Theory: The Classical Tradition to Post-Modernism, Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2004.

Kivisto, Peter, Social Theory: Roots and Branches. 5th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013.

Zeitlin, Irving M., Ideology and the Development of Sociological Theory. 7th ed. Upper Saddle River: Prentice-Hall, 2001.


Course Evaluation

Class Participation     15%  
Tutorial Participation     15%
First Midterm Exam (Fall)     20%
Second Midterm Exam (Winter)           20%
Final Paper      30%

 


Graded feedback worth 35%, based on class and tutorial participation in the Fall semester (15%) and on the first midterm exam (20%), will be transmitted to students who will request it prior to the last day to drop a course without receiving a grade (February 3, 2020).

Schedule of Classes and Readings


Part I: Classics


Week 1 – 5 Sept:         Introduction and Overview

Recommended Readings:

Applerouth, Scott A., and Laura Desfor Edles, Classical and Contemporary Sociological Theory: Text and Readings, Thousand Oaks: Pine Forge Press, 2012, “Introduction”.

Eric Hobsbawm, The Age of Revolution 1789-1848, Chap. 1, 2 and maps, pp. 7-52 and 363-374.


Week 2 – 12 Sept:        Saint-Simon and the Sociology of Industrialism

Required Readings [I: 1-20]:

Claude de Saint-Simon, Selection of The Organizer [1819], Industrial System [1821] and On Social Organization [1825].

Excerpts taken from the following volumes:
Saint-Simon, Henri. Henri Saint-Simon (1760-1825): Selected writings on science, industry, and social organization. Croom Helm. 1975.

Comte de saint-Simon (ed. Markham), Henri Comte de Saint-Simon 1760-1825 Selected Writings. Blackwell Oxford, 1952.

Additional Readings:

Ghita Ionescu, Introduction, in Id. (ed.), The Political Thought of Saint-Simon, Cambridge University Press 1976.


Week 3 – 19 Sept:        Positivism and the Birth of Sociology

Required Readings [I: 21-61]:

Auguste Comte, A General View of Positivism [1848] (excertps).

Additional Readings:

Mary Pickering, Auguste Comte: An Intellectual Biography (Vol. 1), Cambridge University Press, 1993.


Week 4 – 26 Sept:        Liberalism

Required Readings [I: 63-80]:

Jeremy Bentham, Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation, Chapter I: “Of the Principle of Utility” and Chapter III: “Of the Four Sanctions or Sources of Pain and Pleasure”.

John Stuart Mill, Principles of Political Economy, Book II, chapter I: "On Property".

Additional Readings:

Stefan Collini, Liberalism and Sociology, Cambridge University Press, 1979.


Week 5 – 3 Oct:        Tocqueville and The Sociological Analysis of Political Institutions


Required Readings [I: 82-116]:

Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America [1835 - 1840] (excerpts).

Additional Readings:

Cheryl Welch, De Tocqueville, Oxford University Press, 2001.


Week 6 – 10 Oct:        Marx’s Anti-capitalism

Required Readings [118-163]:

Karl Marx, excerpts from the Manifesto of the Communist Party [1848], the Grundrisse [1857-58] and Capital, vol. I [1867].

Additional Readings:

Maximilien Rubel – Margaret Manale, Marx Without Myth: A Chronological Study of his Life and Work, Harper & Row, 1975.


Week 7 – 24 Oct:        First Midterm Exam


Week 8 – 31 Oct:        Social Darwinism

Required Readings [I: 165-182]:

Herbert Spencer, The Man versus the State [1884] (excerpts).

Additional Readings:

John Offer, Herbert Spencer and Social Theory, Palgrave, 2010.

Week 9 – 7 Nov:        Durkheim

Required Readings [I: 226-251]:

Emile Durkheim, excerpts from The Division of Labour in Society [1893] and other minor writings.

Excerpts taken from the following edition:
Emile Durkheim, Selected Writings, (ed. by Giddens), Cambridge University Press, 1972.

Additional Readings:

Anthony Giddens, Durkheim,


Week 10 – 14 Nov:        Veblen’s Institutionalism
                    
Required Readings [I: 252-296]:

Thorstein Veblen, Theory of the Leisure Class [1899] (excerpts).

Additional Readings:

Stephen Edgell, Veblen in Perspective: His Life and Thought, M.E. Sharpe, 2001.


Week 11 – 21 Nov:        Weber

Required Readings [I: 297-325]:

Max Weber, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism [1904-05] (excerpts).

Additional Readings:

Joachim Radkau, Max Weber: A Biography, Polity, 2009.


Week 12 – 28 Nov:        Social Interactionism

Required Readings [I: 326-365]:

Georg Simmel, The Philosophy of Money [1907] (excerpts); Sociology [1908] (excerpts).

Excerpts taken from the following volume:
Georg Simmel, On Individuality and Social Forms, (ed. by Levine), University of Chicago Press, 1971.

Additional Readings:

Norman Levine, Introduction, in Id. (ed.), Georg Simmel, On Individuality and Social Forms, University of Chicago Press, 1971.

Part II: Contemporary Developments


Week 13 – 9 Jan:        Elite Theory

Required Readings [II: 1-15]:

Vilfredo Pareto, The Mind and Society [1916] (excerpts from volume IV: ‘The General Form of Society’).

Additional Readings:

Raymond Aron, Main Currents in Sociological Thought: Durkheim, Pareto, Weber, Vol. 2, Basic Books 1967.


Week 14 – 16 Jan:        Cultural Hegemony

Required Readings [II: 16-73]:

Antonio Gramsci, Prison Notebooks [1929-35] (excerpts).

Additional Readings:

Joseph Buttigieg, Introduction, in Id. (ed.), Antonio Gramsci, Prison Notebooks, Columbia University Press, 1992.


Week 15 – 23 Jan:        Symbolic Interactionism

Required Readings [II: 74-95]:

George Herbert Mead, Mind, Self and Society [1934] (excerpts from chapter IV ‘Society’).

Additional Readings:

Mitchell Aboulafia (ed.), Philosophy, Social Theory, and the Thought of George Herbert Mead, SUNY, 1991.


Week 16 – 30 Jan:        Action Theory

Required Readings [II: 96-127]:

Talcott Parsons, The Structure of Social Action [1937] (Excerpts from Part I ‘The Positivistic Theory of Action’ and Part IV ‘Conclusion’).

Additional Readings:

Week 17 – 6 Feb:        The Sociological Imagination

Required Readings [II: 141-176]:

Charles Wright Mills, White Collar [1951] (excerpts).

Additional Readings:

John Eldridge, C. Wright Mills, Horwood, 1983.


Week 18 – 13 Feb:        The Frankfurt School    

Required Readings [II: 177-193]:

Douglas Kellner, “The Frankfurt School” (selections of writings).

Additional Readings

Andrew Arato, and Eike Gebhardt (Eds.), The Essential Frankfurt School Reader, Continuum, 1982.

Jay Bernstein (Ed.), The Frankfurt School: Critical Assessments (6 voll.), Routledge, 1994.


Week 19 – 27 Feb:        Second Midterm Exam


Week 20 – 5 Mar:        Black Reconstruction

Required Readings [II: 194-222]:

William Edward Burghardt Du Bois, excerpts (TBA) from various writings [1935 and others].

Malcolm X, excerpts from The Last Speeches and other writings.

Additional Readings:

David Levering Lewis, W. E. B. Du Bois: The Fight for Equality and the American Century 1919–1963, Owl Books 2001

Manning Marable, Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention, Penguin 2011.


Week 21 – 12 Mar:        Feminist Critique
                    
Required Readings [II: 223-306]:

Simone de Beauvoir, The Second Sex [1949] (excerpts).

Additional Readings:

D. Bair, Introduction to Simone de Beauvoir, The Second Sex, Vintage, 1989.


Week 22 – 19 Mar:        Biopolitics

Required Readings [II: 307-329]:

Michel Foucault, The Birth of Biopolitics [1978–1979] (excerpts)

Additional Readings:

Gary Gutting, Foucault: A Very Short Introduction, Oxford 2005.


Week 23 – 26 Mar:        Subalternity and Post-Colonialism

Required Readings [II: 330-445]:

Franz Fanon, excerpts from The Wretched of the Earth [1961].

Edward W. Said, Orientalism [1978] (“Introduction”).

Additional Readings:

Reiland Rabaka, Forms of Fanonism: Frantz Fanon’s Critical Theory and the Dialectics of Decolonization, Lexington Books, 2011.

Conor McCarthy, The Cambridge Introduction to Edward Said, Cambridge University Press, 2010.


Week 24 – 2 Apr:        The Critique of the Spectacle and Consumer Society
Required Readings [II: 446-499]:
Guy Debord, The Society of the Spectacle [1967] (chapters 1-53).

Jean Baudrillard, The Consumer Society [1974] (Part I: chapters I-III; Part II: chapter I; Part III: Conclusion) and other writings (TBA).

Additional Readings:

Anselm Jappe, Guy Debord, University of California Press, 1999.

Douglas Kellner, Jean Baudrillard: From Marxism to Postmodernism and Beyond, Stanford University Press, 1989.

September 2020

Additional info
  • University Name: York University

York University
Department of Sociology
Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies

AP/SOCI 3640 6.0 A (Y) - Section B

Political Sociology

Fall 2019 - Winter 2020

Course Director: Marcello Musto
Class Time: Wednesday 19:00 - 22:00
Class Location: DB 1016
Office Location: Ross Building N833A
Office Hours: Monday 16:30 - 18:30 (and by appointment)
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Course Syllabus

Although discussions on the negative effects and consequences of capitalism have recently spread, ideas about how to concretely promote a more just and democratic socio-economic system have remained deficient or lack public support. Today it seems that there is no alternative political-economic model that represents an effective challenge to capitalism.

The aim of this course is to critically survey the progressive theories and emancipatory experiments proposed in the time period between the French Revolution (1789) and Russian Revolution (1917), in order to understand how they sought to construct social, economic and political alternatives to the capitalist system. Using the lens of political sociology, we will examine some of the most relevant political changes of the “long 19th Century” in their social and historical contexts. The Industrial Revolution, the birth of labour movement, the rise of class politics and the spread of democracy will be among the main themes addressed by this course.  

The readings for this course were selected in order to enhance students’ understanding of concepts central to political sociology such as the nature of political power and theories of  social change. The main analytical focus of the course will concentrate on evaluating the adequacy of capitalism to address the challenges and opportunities of European societies in the 19th Century and identifying the main characteristics of the alternatives to capitalism proposed within the Socialist tradition. Finally, we will also assess the relevance of the alternatives proposed in the past for the fundamental and enduring social problems of our society today.


Course Requirements


Class Participation (20%):

This course is taught in weekly lectures lasting 2 hours and 50 minutes. Attendance and informed participation at all class meetings is always required. Students are expected to attend class regularly, complete the assigned readings on time (always the required readings and, when possible, the additional readings) and participate actively in class discussion. Participation will be marked for attendance and quality of contribution in class.
In the lectures the course director will:

  • give all the pertinent biographical information about the author and the historical context in which the assigned texts were written;
  • reconstruct the argument of the author and provide an overview of the assigned readings;
  • identify the key questions for discussion, and the controversies implied by the material;
  • critically analyze the texts (for example: what are the limitations of the position expressed in the readings?);
  • identify anything you found unclear or hard to understand;
  • conclude with discussion questions for the group to consider.

Please note that consumption of food and the use of cell phones in classroom will not be allowed.


Midterm Exams (2 exams each worth 20%= 40%):

Two midterm exams will be held on November 13, 2019 and on February 26, 2020, at the regular class time and place. The exam will last 90 minutes and will consist of answering 3 questions drawn from the assigned readings until that date. At the fall midterm exam, students will be required to respond to questions concerning the readings from week 1 to week 9, while at the winter midterm exam students will have to respond to questions related to the readings of the period lasting weeks 11 to week 18.  Midterm marks will be available within two weeks after the exam.
Medical or family emergencies are the only reasons for legitimate absences from tests. Students are required to submit documentation indicating the reason for their absence. Students who miss a test will be offered the opportunity to write an additional assignment worth the same amount as the test that was missed only one time.
All students who require extra accommodation for either tests or assignments are responsible for consulting with the York University office in charge of alternate exam/test.


Presentation and Discussant (20%):

Presentation
During the course, each student will be required to give a 15 minutes presentation in each semester, one in the Fall and another in the Winter, for a cumulative total of two presentations. Each presentation is worth 10% of your final grade, totalling 20% in total.  Presentations will focus on the assigned readings of the week. Presenters should provide a 1-page or about 500-word summary (single spaced, 12-point font, Times New Roman), in hard copy, to the course director. A good presentation is very important to stimulate critical thinking. Therefore, please avoid just reading from a paper, and try to present ideas and raise questions in order to engage other members of the class. Presentations should:

  • reconstruct all the main ideas of the author of the week and provide an overview of their theories;
  • critically discuss the main problems and controversies of the readings;
  • connect the ideas presented in the readings with contemporary issues and debates;
  • conclude with three discussion questions for the group to consider. They can also address whether or not the theories presented in the readings are applicable to our contemporary society.

Examples of possible presentations will be provided during the semester by the course director.
Please note that the presenters are responsible for coordinating their discussions with the course director before class, in order to ensure that their respective presentations and questions are adequately different.  


Final Exam (20%):

The Final exam will be held on April 1 at the regular class time and place. It will have the same format of the midterm exams, but it will be bigger. Students will be required to respond to 3 questions in a maximum of 2 hours. The first question will be related to the whole course and to the topic “Alternative to Capitalism” in general (main concepts and comparison among his most important thinkers), while the last 2 questions to which students will have to respond will be focused on the readings from week 20 to week 23.
Students who miss a test will be not offered the opportunity to write an additional assignment

Access to Course Readings:

Many of the required readings are classics of sociological thought and are, therefore, available on-line. More information will be given in class and on the course director website: https://marcellomusto.org/teaching/undergraduate-courses.

All required and additional readings indicated in the syllabus are available at Scott library. The volumes listed below have been placed on two hours reserve at Scott library.

Thomas Janoski - Robert Alford - Alexander Hicks and Mildred Schwartz (Eds.), The Handbook of Political Sociology: States, Civil Societies, and Globalization, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume I: The Forerunners 1789-1850, London: MacMillan 1962

George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume II: Marxism and Anarchism 1850-1890, London: MacMillan 1961

Harry W. Laidler, History of Socialism, New York: Thomas Y. Crowell 1968

Carl Landauer, European Socialism, Berkeley/Los Angeles: University of California Press 1959

Course Evaluation

Class Participation                          20%    
First Midterm Exam (Fall)                         20%
First Presentation               10%
Second Midterm Exam (Winter)               20%
Second Presentation               10%
Final Exam               20%


Thirty-five (35%) of each student’s mark will be completed by February 3, 2020, the last day to drop a course without receiving a grade. This graded feedback will be made up of class participation for the Fall semester worth 10%, plus the first midterm exam worth 20%, and the first presentation/discussion worth 10%, totalling 40%. This information will be communicated to students who request it.  


Schedule of Classes and Readings

Fall


Week 1 – 4 Sept:         What is Political Sociology? Introduction and Overview

Recommended Readings:

Reinhard Bendix and Seymour Lipset, “Political Sociology: An essay with special reference to the development of research in the United States of America and Western Europe”, Current Sociology, vol. VI (1957), no. 2, 79-99.

Eric Hobsbawm, The Age of Revolution 1789-1848, Chap. 1, 2 and maps, pp. 7-52 and 363-374.


Week 2 – 11 Sept:        Saint-Simon and the Sociology of Industrialism

Required Readings:

Carl Landauer, European Socialism, University of California, pp. 21-35 (Chap. I: “The Three Anticapitalistic Movement”, sections 1, 2 and 3).

Claude de Saint-Simon, Selection of The Organizer [1819], Industrial System [1821] and On Social Organization [1825].

Additional Readings:

Ghita Ionescu, Introduction, in Id. (ed.), The Political Thought of Saint-Simon, Cambridge University Press 1976.


Week 3 – 18 Sept:        Saint-Simonism: Tecnocraticism, Planning and the Role of Science

Required Readings:

George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume I: The Forerunners 1789-1850, pp. 37-61 (Chap. IV: “Saint-Simon” and Chap. V “The Saint-Simonians”).

Henri de Saint-Simon (ed. Markham), Henri Comte de Saint-Simon, 1760-1825: Selected Writings. Blackwell Oxford, 1952.

Additional Readings:

Henri de Saint-Simon, Henri Saint-Simon (1760-1825): Selected Writings on Science, Industry, and Social Organization. Croom Helm. 1975.


Week 4 – 25 Sept:        Fourier and the New Associative Order

Required Readings:

George D. H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume I: The Forerunners 1789-1850, pp. 62-74 (Chap. VI: 'Fourier and Fourierism').

Charles Fourier, Design for Utopia, pp. 76-81, 120-30, 163-70, 203-4.

Jonathan Beecher, Charles Fourier: The Visionary and His World, pp. 454-71.

Additional Readings:

Charles Fourier, 'Attractive Labour'
http://marxists.org/reference/archive/fourier/works/ch26.htm


Week 5 – 2 Oct:        Fourierism: Phalanstery, Gradualism and Gender Equality

Required Readings:

Carl Landauer, European Socialism, pp. 35-40 (Subsection: “Fourier”).

Pamela Pilbeam, French Socialists Before Marx: Workers, Women and the Social Question in France, pp. 107-34 (Chap. 7: “Association: Dream Worlds”).

Jonathan Beecher, Victor Considerant and the Rise and Fall of French Romantic Socialism, pp. 58-78 and 446-52.

Additional Readings:

Charles Fourier, 'The Phalanstery' (Fragment I) http://marxists.org/reference/archive/fourier/works/ch20.htm

Charles Fourier, 'The Phalanstery' (Fragment II)
http://marxists.org/reference/archive/fourier/works/ch27.htm


Week 6 – 9 Oct:        Cabet and the Icarians    

Required Readings:

Carl Landauer, European Socialism, pp. 41-46 (Subsection: “Cabet”).

Etienne Cabet, Voyage to Icaria, in Frank Manuel – Fritzie Manuel (Eds.), French Utopias: An Anthology of Ideal Societies, pp. 329-44.

Christopher Johnson, Utopian Communism in France: Cabet and the Icarians, 1839-1851, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, pp. 288-300.

Additional Readings:

George D. H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume I: The Forerunners 1789-1850, pp. 75-79 (Chap. IV: ‘Cabet and the Icarian Communists’).


Week 7 – 23 Oct:        Owen and the Cooperative Movement

Required Readings:

George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume I: The Forerunners 1789-1850, pp. 86-101 (Chap. IX: 'Owen and Owenism - Earlier Phases')

Carl Landauer, European Socialism, pp. 46-59 (Chap. I: 'The Three Anticapitalistic Movement', subsection dedicated to “Robert Owen”)

Robert Owen, A New View of Society (Essay Four: 'The end of government is to make the governed and the governors happy')
http://marxists.org/reference/subject/economics/owen/index.htm#new-view

Additional Readings:

Gregory Claeys, Searching for Utopia: The History of an Idea, New York: Thames & Hudson, 2011, pp. 113-140 (Chap. 8: “Ideal Cities” and Chap. 9: “Utopia as Community”).

Robert Owen, A New View of Society (Essay Two: 'The Principles of the Former Essay Continued, and Applied in Part to Practice').


Week 8 – 30 Oct:        The Owenites, Chartism and British Working Class

Required Readings:

Ralph Miliband, “The Politics of Robert Owen”, Journal of the History of Ideas, vol. 15 (1954), n. 2, pp. 233-245.

John Harrison, Quest for the New Moral World, New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, pp. 45-87.

A. L. Morton, The Life and Ideas of Robert Owen, London: Lawrence and Wishart, pp. 170-178.

George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume I: The Forerunners 1789-1850, pp. 120-131 (Chap. XI: 'Owen and the Trade Unions - The end of Owenism')

Additional Readings:

Chushichi Tsuzuki, “Robert Owen and Revolutionary Politics”, in Sidney Pollard – John Salt, Robert Owen: Prophet of the Poor, London: Macmillan, pp. 13-38.

Gregory Claeys, “Early Socialism as Intellectual History”, History of European Ideas, vol. 40 (2014), no. 7, pp. 893-904.


Week 9 – 6 Nov:        Proudhon’s Mutualism

Required Readings:

Carl Landauer, European Socialism, pp. 59-68 (Chap. I: 'The Three Anticapitalistic Movement', section 6)

George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume I: The Forerunners 1789-1850, pp. 201-218 (Chap. XIX: 'Proudhon').

Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, “Bank of the People”, in Iain McKay (Ed.), Property is Theft!, Oakland, CA: AK Press, pp. 383-393.

Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, The Political Capacity of the Working Class (Chap. XIII: “On Association, Within Mutuality”), in Iain McKay (Ed.), Property is Theft!, Oakland, CA: AK Press, pp. 744-753.

Additional Readings:

Margaret Hall, The Sociology of Pierre Joseph Proudhon, 1809-1865, Philosophical Library, 1971.

Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, General Idea of the Revolution in the Nineteenth Century (Chap. III: 'The Principle of Association', and Chap. VI: section 3: 'Division of Labour, Collective Forces, Machines, Workingmen’s Associations')


Week 10 – 13 Nov:        First Midterm Exam


Week 11 – 20 Nov:        Socialism and Woman’s Emancipation

Required Readings:

Pamela Pilbeam, French Socialists Before Marx: Workers, Women and the Social Question in France, pp. 75-106 (Chap. 6: “The New Woman”).

George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume I: The Forerunners 1789-1850, pp. 183-188 (Chap. XVII: “Flora Tristan”).

Flora Tristan, The Workers’ Union, Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2007, pp. 75-89 (Chap. III “Why I Mention Women”).

Additional Readings:

George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume I: The Forerunners 1789-1850, pp. 168-176 (Chap. XV: “Louis Blanc and the Organisation of Labour”).

Ian Birchall, The Spectre of Babeuf, Chicago: Haymarket, 2016 (Second Edition).


Week 12 – 27 Nov:        Blanqui, the Revolution and the Power of Insurrection

Required Readings:

George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume I: The Forerunners 1789-1850, pp. 158-167 (Chap. XIV: “Blanqui and Blanquism”).

Louis Auguste Blanqui, The Blanqui Reader: Political Writings, 1830–1880, London: Verso, 2018.

Doug Enaa Greene, Communist Insurgent: Blanqui’s Politics of Revolution, Chicago: Haymarket, 2017, pp. 95-113 and 135-144 (Chap. VIII “The Duty of a Revolutionary”; Chap. X “Eternity by the Stars”; Chap. XI “Ni Dieu ni Maitre” “Conclusion”; “Epilogue”).

Additional Readings:

Louis Blanqui, Selected Works, Lexington, 2015 (extract).


Winter


Week 13 – 8 Jan:        Marx (Part 1): Bourgeoisie, Proletariat and Class Struggle

Required Readings:

Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, Manifesto of the Communist Party. (No need to read the prefaces – pp. 1-13.)
https://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/download/pdf/Manifesto.pdf

Marcello Musto, “Revisiting Marx’s Concept of Alienation”, Socialism and Democracy, vol. 24 (2010), no. 3: 79-101.
(Available through Scott Library)

Additional Readings:

Eric Hobsbawm, How to Change the World: Tales of Marx and Marxism (Chap. 2: “Marx, Engels and Pre-Marxian Socialism”).

Friedrich Engels, Socialism: Utopian and Scientific (Chap. I: “The Development of Utopian Socialism”).


Week 14 – 15 Jan:        The International Working Men’s Association and Global Solidarity

Required Readings:

Marcello Musto, “Introduction”, in Marcello Musto (ed.), Workers Unite! The International 150 Years Later (Editor), London–New York: Bloomsbury, 2014, pp. 1-30.

Marcello Musto (ed.), Workers Unite! The International 150 Years Later (Editor), London–New York: Bloomsbury, 2014, documents 1-4, 7, 11-3, 29, 34, 44, 53, 58-63, 65-80.

The book is available here:
https://marcellomusto.org/images/Workers-Unite-The-International-150-Years-Later-New-York--Bloomsbury-2014-336-pages.pdf

Additional Readings:

Milorad M. Drachkovitch (Ed.), The Revolutionary Internationals, 1864-1943. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1966.


Week 15 – 22 Jan:        The Paris Commune and Workers’ Self-Emancipation

Required Readings:

Marcello Musto, “Introduction”, in Marcello Musto (ed.), Workers Unite! The International 150 Years Later (Editor), London–New York: Bloomsbury, 2014, pp. 30-57.

Marcello Musto (ed.), Workers Unite! The International 150 Years Later (Editor), New York: Bloomsbury, 2014, documents 46, 32-42, 54-7.

(Same book used for January 15)

Louise Michel, (read the links below: biography and documents).
http://www.iisg.nl/collections/louisemichel/index.php

Additional Readings:

Kristin Ross, Communal Luxury: The Political Imaginary of the Paris Commune, Verso.

Peter Watkins, La commune (Paris, 1871), France, 345 min.
Part 1: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3KIvQ1nUdIs&ab_channel=Chve
Part 2: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5rI-UFKiOvg&ab_channel=Chve

Prosper Olivier Lissagaray, History of the Paris Commune of 1871 [1876], London: Verso.
https://www.marxists.org/history/france/archive/lissagaray/


Week 16 – 29 Jan:        Marx (Part 2): Communism

Required Readings:

Marcello Musto, “Communism”, in Marcello Musto (Ed.), The Marx Revival: Key Concepts and New Critical Interpretations, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2020, pp. 24-50.

(This chapter is attached)

Karl Marx, Capital (extracts).

Karl Marx, Critique of the Gotha Programme.
https://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1875/gotha/

Additional Readings:

Paresh Chattopadhyay, 'The Failure of Twentieth-Century Socialism and Marx’s Continuing Relevance', Socialism and Democracy, Vol. 24 (2010), no. 3, pp. 23-45.


Week 17 – 5 Feb:        Bakunin, Anarchism and the Struggle Against the State

Required Readings:

Mikhail Bakunin, (a selection of Writings and Speeches).

(This is attached – See Bakunin No Gods)

Karl Marx, “On Bakunin’s Statism and Anarchy”.
https://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1874/04/bakunin-notes.htm

Additional Readings:

Daniel Guerin, No Gods, No Masters, AK Press, 2005.


Week 18 – 12 Feb:        The Narodniks and Populism in Russia

Required Readings:

Vera Zasulich - Karl Marx, "Letters on Social Relations in Russia"

https://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1881/zasulich/

Franco Venturi, Roots Of Revolution: A History of the Populist and Socialist Movements in Nineteenth Century Russia, New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1960, in particular chapters 7: "The Peasant Movement", 8: "The Student Movement", 9: "The First Groups", pp. 204-252, Chapter 18: "The Movement 'Go to the People'", pp. 469-506, Chapter 19: "The Working Class Movement", pp. 507-558.

https://ia800304.us.archive.org/33/items/rootsofrevolutio008262mbp/rootsofrevolutio008262mbp.pdf

Andrzey Walichi, The Controversy over Capitalism, Oxford: OUP, 1969 (excerpt).

Additional Readings:

James H. Billington, Mikhailovsky and Russian populism, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1958.

Richard Wortman, The Crisis of Russian populism, London: CUP, 1967.

Arthur P. Mendel, Dilemmas of Progress in Tsarist Russia: Legal Marxism and Legal Populism, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1961.


Week 19 – 26 Feb:        Second Midterm Exam


Week 20 – 4 Mar:        Kropotkin: Expropriation and Decentralization

Required Readings:

Martin Buber, Pfade in Utopia, 1950 (Chap. 5).

Peter Kropotkin, “Anarchism: Its Philosophy and Ideal”
https://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/kropotkin-peter/1890s/x01.htm

Peter Kropotkin, excerpts on Anarchist theory of the state.

(This is attached – See Kropotkin 1)

Peter Kropotkin, The Conquest of the Bread, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995, pp. 31-40.

(This is attached – See Kropotkin 2)

Additional Readings:

Paresh Chattopadhyay, The Associate Mode of Production, Brill, 2017.


Week 21 – 11 Mar:        Social Democracy and Welfare State

Required Readings:

Karl Kautsky, The Road to Power, (Chap. I, III and IV).
https://www.marxists.org/archive/kautsky/1909/power/index.htm

Additional Readings:

Documents of the Second International (a selection).

    
Week 22 – 18 Mar:        Luxemburg and the General Strike
                    
Required Readings:

Gabriel Kuhn (Ed.), All the Power to the Councils: A Documentary History of the German Revolution of 1918-1919, Oakland: PM Press, 2012, in particular: Ernst Daeumig, "The Council Idea and Its Realization", pp. 51-58.
https://libcom.org/files/Allpower%20to%20the%20councils.pdf

Rosa Luxemburg, The Mass Strike, the Political Party and the Trade Unions (1906) (sections 4 and 6-8).
https://www.marxists.org/archive/luxemburg/1906/mass-strike/

Rosa Luxemburg, "The Socialisation of Society" (1918).
https://www.marxists.org/archive/luxemburg/1918/12/20.htm

Additional Readings:

Pierre Broué, The German Revolution, 1917-1923, London: Merlin Press, 2006, Chapter 1: 1-10, Chapter 7: pp. 89-110, Chapter 8: 129-155.

Lelio Basso, Rosa Luxemburg: A Reappraisal, London: Deutsch 1975.


Week 23 – 25 Mar:        Gramsci and the Question of Cultural Hegemony

Required Readings:

Antonio Gramsci, Prison Notebooks (extracts).

Additional Readings:

Joseph Buttigieg, Introduction, in Id. (ed.), Antonio Gramsci, Prison Notebooks, Columbia University Press, 1992.

Gwyn A. Williams, Proletarian Order: Antonio Gramsci, Factory Councils and the Origins of Communism in Italy, 1911-1921, London: Pluto Press, 1975.


Week 24 – 1 Apr:        Final Exam 

September 2020

Additional info
  • University Name: York University

York University

Department of Sociology

Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies

GS/SOCI 4215 3.0 (F) - M

Capitalism, Ideology, and Social Theory

Fall 2017

Course Syllabus

Course Director: Marcello Musto

Class Time: Wednesday 19:00 - 22:00

Class Location: Vari Hall 1016

Office Hours: Wednesday 18:00 - 19:00

Office Location: Ross Bldg. N833A

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Unit Description


The course explores the applicability of sociological theory - classical and contemporary - to the social issues of modernity particularly, in relation to inequality, exploitation, and democratic rights of subaltern groups and their relationship to elite.

Course Requirements and Evaluation

Class Participation

20%

Presentation

30%

Reading Summary

10%

Final Exam

40%

Note:

Mid-term class participation and presentation (if already done) marks will be available by email or by appointment on October 13 (Friday).

Class Participation:

This course is taught in weekly seminars lasting 2 hours and 50 minutes. Attendance and informed participation at all class meetings is not only strongly recommended, but required. Students are expected to attend class regularly, complete the assignment readings on time and participate actively in class discussion.

Participation will be marked for attendance and quality of participation.

Presentation:

Each class will begin with a student presentation (between 30 and 35 minutes) on the assigned readings. Presenters should provide (by photocopy) a 2 page summary of at least 500 words (NO PLAGIARISM) of her/his presentation for other students.

A good presentation is very important to stimulate discussion. Therefore, please avoid just reading from a paper, and try to present ideas and raise questions for the engagement of others. Presentations should:

-give all the pertinent biographical information about the author(s) and the historical context in which the assigned texts were written;

-reconstruct the argument of the author(s), and provide an overview of the assigned readings;

-identify the key questions for discussion, and the controversies implied by the material;

-critically analyze the texts (for example: what are the limitations of the position expressed in the readings?);

-identify anything you found unclear or hard to understand;

-conclude with at least three discussion questions for the class to consider.

Reading Summary:

Students will deliver on October 11 (Week 5 of class) a short summary (400 to 500 words) of the main sociological concepts included in the readings of one of the three authors read in the course until that point (S. Simon, Marx, or Veblen).

Final Exam :

A final exam will be held on November 29, at the regular class time and place. The exam will last 120 minutes and it will consist of answering to 3 questions (out of 5) drawn from the readings assigned during the course. Detailed information about the exam will be given in class.

Schedule of Classes and Readings

Week 1 – 13 September: Introduction

Recommended Readings:

Eric Hobsbawm, The Age of Revolution 1789-1848, Chapters 1, 2 and maps, pp. 7-52 and 309-320.

https://libcom.org/files/Eric%20Hobsbawm%20-%20Age%20Of%20Revolution%201789%20-1848.pdf

Week 2 – 20 September: Early Socialism

Required Readings:

Claude de Saint-Simon, The Organizer [1819], Industrial System [1821] and On Social Organization [1825]

Excerpts taken from the following volumes:

Saint-Simon, Henri. Henri Saint-Simon (1760-1825): Selected writings on science, industry, and social organization. Croom Helm. 1975.

Comte de Saint-Simon (ed. Markham), Henri Comte de Saint-Simon 1760-1825 Selected Writings. Blackwell Oxford, 1952.

Additional Readings:

Ghita Ionescu, Introduction, in Id. (ed.), The Political Thought of Saint-Simon, Cambridge University Press 1976.

Week 3 – 27 September: Anticapitalism I

Required Readings:

Karl Marx, Manifesto of the Commust Party [1848]

https://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1848/communist-manifesto/

Additional Readings:

Marcello Musto, 'The Formation of Marx’s Critique of Political Economy: From the Studies of 1843 to the Grundrisse', Socialism & Democracy, Vol. 24, n. 3 (July 2010), pp. 66-100

Week 4 – 4 October: Anticapitalism II

Required Readings:

Karl Marx, Grundrisse [1857-58] (excerpt)

http://thenewobjectivity.com/pdf/marx.pdf

Capital, vol. I [1867] (excerpt)

https://web.stanford.edu/~davies/Symbsys100-Spring0708/Marx-Commodity-Fetishism.pdf

Additional Readings:

Maximilien Rubel – Margaret Manale, Marx Without Myth: A Chronological Study of his Life and Work, Harper & Row, 1975.

Week 5 – 11 October : Critique of the Leisure Class

Required Readings:

Thorstein Veblen, Theory of the Leisure Class [1899] (excerpts)

Additional Readings:

Stephen Edgell, Veblen in Perspective: His Life and Thought, M.E. Sharpe, 2001.

Week 6 – 18 October: Capitalism and Religion

Required Readings:

Max Weber, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism [1904-05] (excerpts)

Additional Readings:

Joachim Radkau, Max Weber: a Biography, Polity, 2009.

Week 7 – 25 October: Cultural Egemony

Required Readings:

Antonio Gramsci, Prison Notebooks [1929-35] (excerpts)

Additional Readings:

Joseph Buttigieg, Introduction, in Id. (ed.), Antonio Gramsci, Prison Notebooks, Columbia University Press, 1992.

Week 8 – 1 November: Sociological Imagination

Required Readings:

Charles Wright Mills, White Collar [1951] (excerpts)

Additional Readings:

John Eldridge, C. Wright Mills, Horwood, 1983.

Week 9 – 8 November: The Frankfurt School

Required Readings:

Selections of writings from Max Horkheimer, Theodor W. Adorno and other authors (TBA).

Excerpts taken from the following volume:

Andrew Arato, and Eike Gebhardt (Eds.), The Essential Frankfurt School Reader, Continuum, 1982.

Additional Readings

Jay Bernstein (Ed.), The Frankfurt School: Critical Assessments (6 voll.), Routledge, 1994.

Week 10 – 15 November: Alienation Theory in North-American Sociology

Required Readings:

Marcello Musto, “Revisiting Marx’s Concept of Alienation”, Socialism and Democracy, vol. 24, n. 3 (November 2010): 79-101

Nettler, Gwynn (1957) “A Measure of Alienation”, American Sociological Review, vol. 22, n. 6, pp. 670-677

Seeman, Melvin (1959) “On the Meaning of Alienation”, American Sociological Review, vol. 24, n. 6, pp. 783-791

Clark, John (1959) “Measuring alienation within a social system”, American Sociological Review, vol. 24, n. 6, pp. 849-852

Heinz, Walter R. (1992) “Changes in the Methodology of Alienation Research”, in Felix Geyer and Walter R. Heinz (ed.), Alienation, society, and the individual, New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction, pp. 213-221.

Additional Readings:

Schweitzer, David (1982) “Alienation, De-alienation, and Change: A critical overview of current perspectives in philosophy and the social sciences”, in Giora Shoham (ed.) Alienation and Anomie Revisited, Tel Aviv: Ramot, pp. 27-70

Week 11 – 22 November: The Critique of the Spectacle and Consumer Society

Required Readings:

Guy Debord, The Society of the Spectacle [1967] (chapters 1-53).

Jean Baudrillard, The Consumer Society [1974] (Part I: chapters I-III; Part II: chapter I; Part III: Conclusion) and other writings (TBA).

Additional Readings:

Anselm Jappe, Guy Debord, University of California Press, 1999.

Douglas Kellner, Jean Baudrillard: From Marxism to Postmodernism and Beyond, Stanford University Press, 1989.

Week 12 – 29 November: Final Exam

January 2013

Additional info
  • University Name: York University

York University

Department of Sociology

Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies

GS/SOCI 4220 3.0 (W) - M


Social Movements: Theory and Practice

Winter 2017

Course Syllabus

Course Director: Marcello Musto

Class Time: Tuesday 14:30 - 17:30

Class Location: Ross Bldg. S 102

Office Hours: Tuesday 17:30 - 18:30

Office Location: Ross Bldg. N833A

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Unit Description


This course deals with the developments of some of the most significant international social movements from the end of Ancien Régime to the fall of Berlin Wall (1789-1989). These include social movements that were formed around the French Revolution, the Revolutions of 1848, the Paris Commune, the birth of Soviet Union, the Chinese Revolution, the anticolonialist movement, and the protests of 1968. These movements will be critically analysed, both in terms of history of ideas and of their major socio-political characteristics.

Course Requirements and Evaluation

Class Participation

30%

Presentation

20%

Final Exam

50%

Class Participation:

This course is taught in weekly seminars lasting 2 hours and 50 minutes. Attendance and informed participation at all class meetings is not only strongly recommended, but required. Students are expected to attend class regularly, complete the assignment readings on time and participate actively in class discussion. Participation will be marked for attendance and quality of participation.

Presentation:

Each class will begin with a student presentation (between 25 and 30 minutes) on the assigned readings. Presenters should provide a 2 page summary (by photocopy) of her/his presentation for other students.

A good presentation is very important to stimulate discussion. Therefore, please avoid just reading from a paper, and try to present ideas and raise questions for the engagement of others. Presentations should:

-give all the pertinent biographical information about the author(s) and the historical context in which the assigned texts were written;

-reconstruct the argument of the author(s), and provide an overview of the assigned readings;

-identify the key questions for discussion, and the controversies implied by the material;

-critically analyze the texts (for example: what are the limitations of the position expressed in the readings?);

-identify anything you found unclear or hard to understand;

-conclude with three discussion questions for the group to consider.

Final Exam :

A final exam will be held on April 6, at the regular class time and place. The exam will last 120 minutes and it will consist of answering to 6 questions (out of 9) drawn from the readings assigned during the course.

The first three questions will be related to French Revolution, Russian Revolution and 1968 Movement, while the last 3 questions (out of 6), to which students will have to respond, will be focused on the other readings (more detailed information about the exam and the kind of questions of the exam will be given during the course).

Note:

Mid-term class participation and presentation (if already done) marks will be available by email or by appointment the week of 16 February.

Schedule of Classes and Readings

Week 1 – 10 January: French Revolution

Recommended Readings:

Eric Hobsbawm, The Age of Revolution 1789-1848, Chapters 1, 2 and maps, pp. 7-52 and 309-320.

https://libcom.org/files/Eric%20Hobsbawm%20-%20Age%20Of%20Revolution%201789%20-1848.pdf

Week 2 – 17 January: From 1789 to the Revolutions of 1848

Required Readings:

George Rudé, The Crowd in the French Revolution, in particular Part III: "The Anatomy of the Revolutionary Crowd", pp. 178-239.

Additional Readings:

Carl Landauer, European Socialism, Chapter I: "The Three Anticapitalistic Movements", (sections 1-5), Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1959, pp. 21-59.

William Sewell, Work & Revolution in France, Cambridge: CUP, 1980, Chapter 9: "The July Revolution and the Emergence of Class Consciousness", pp. 194-218; and Chapter 11: "The Revolution of 1848", pp. 243-276.

Roger Magraw, "Socialism, Syndicalism and French Labour before 1914", in Dick Geary, Labour and Socialist Movements in Europe before 1914, New York: Berg, 1989, pp. 48-100.

George D. H. Cole's, A History of Socialist Thought, Vol. I (The Forerunners 1789-1850) , Chapter I: "The Great French Revolution and the Conspiracy of Gracchus Babeuf", pp. 11-22.

https://libcom.org/library/history-socialist-thought-volume-i-forerunners-1789-1850

Pamela Pilbeam, French Socialists before Marx: Workers, Women, and the Social Question in France . Teddington: Acumen 2000, in particular Chapter 8: "Worker Associations before 1848".

Eric Hazan, A History of the Barricade, London: Verso, 2015.

Week 3 – 24 January: Paris Commune

Required Readings:

Donny Gluckstein, The Paris Commune: A Revolution in Democracy, Chapter 1: "The Commune's Achievements", pp. 1-42.

https://books.google.ie/books?id=fGrR78ZkBJcC&printsec=frontcover&hl=it&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false

Additional Materials:

Karl Marx, The Civil War in France, in Marcello Musto (Ed.), Workers Unite! The International 150 Years Later (Chapters 46 and 65).

https://www.bloomsburycollections.com/book/workers-unite-the-international-150-years-later/

Kristin Ross, Communal Luxury: The Political Imaginary of the Paris Commune, London: Verso, 2015.

Peter Watkins, La commune (Paris, 1871), France, 345 min.

Part 1: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3KIvQ1nUdIs&ab_channel=Chve

Part 2: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5rI-UFKiOvg&ab_channel=Chve

Prosper Olivier Lissagaray, History of the Paris Commune of 1871 [1876], London: Verso.

https://www.marxists.org/history/france/archive/lissagaray/

Marcello Musto, “Introduction”, in Id. (Ed.), Workers Unite! The International 150 Years Later (Editor), London–New York: Bloomsbury, 2014, pp. 1-68.

https://www.bloomsburycollections.com/book/workers-unite-the-international-150-years-later/

Week 4 – 31 January: The Narodniks and Populism in Russia

Required Readings:

Franco Venturi , Roots Of Revolution: A History of the Populist and Socialist Movements in Nineteenth Century Russia , New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1960 (excerpts TBA).

https://ia800304.us.archive.org/33/items/rootsofrevolutio008262mbp/rootsofrevolutio008262mbp.pdf

Additional Readings:

Vera Zasulich - Karl Marx, "Letters on Social Relations in Russia"

https://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1881/zasulich/

Andrzey Walichi, The Controversy over Capitalism, Oxford: OUP, 1969.

Nikolai Chernyshevsky, What Is to Be Done?, Cornell: Cornell University Press , 1989.

Teodor Shanin (Ed.), Late Marx and the Russian Road, Marx and the ‘peripheries of capitalism’ , New Tork: Monthy Reivew Press, 1983.

Lenin, The Heritage We Renounce

https://www.marxists.org/archive/lenin/works/1897/dec/31c.htm

James H. Billington, Mikhailovsky and Russian populism , Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1958.

Richard Wortman, The crisis of Russian populism , London: CUP, 1967.

Arthur P. Mendel, Dilemmas of progress in tsarist Russia: Legal Marxism and legal Populism , Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1961.

Andrzej Walicki, A History of Russian Thought: From the Enlightenment to Marxism, Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1979.

Week 5 – 7 February: Russian Revolution I: the Soviets

Required Readings:

Rex A. Wade, The Russian Revolution, 1917, Cambridge: CUP, 2005, Chapter 4: "The Aspirations of Russian Society", pp. 88-129.

Additional Readings:

Rex A. Wade, The Russian Revolution, 1917, Cambridge: CUP, 2005, Chapter 5 "The Peasants and the Purpose of Revolution", pp. 129-145.

Victor Serge, Year One of the Russian Revolution, in particular Chapter 1: "From Serfdom to Proletarian Revolution", Chapter 2: "The Insurrection of 25 October 1917", and Chapter 3: "The Urban Middle Classes against the Proletariat".

https://www.marxists.org/archive/serge/1930/year-one/index.htm

Maurice Brinton, The Bolsheviks and Workers' Control: The State and Counter-Revolution

https://www.marxists.org/archive/brinton/1970/workers-control/

Lenin, All the Power to the Soviets!

https://www.marxists.org/archive/lenin/works/1917/jul/18.htm

Lenin, State and Revolution (1918)

https://www.marxists.org/archive/lenin/works/1917/staterev/

Sheila Fitzpatrick, The Russian Revolution, 1917-1932, Oxford: OUP, 1984.

John Reed, Ten Days that Shook the World

https://www.marxists.org/archive/reed/1919/10days/10days/index.htm

Tamás Krausz, Reconstructing Lenin, New York: Monthly Review, 2015.

Week 6 – 14 February: Russian Revolution II: Workers' Control or Party-State Rule?

Required Readings:

Lynne Viola (Ed.), Contending with Stalinism: Soviet Power and Popular Resistance in the 1930s , Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2002, pp. 1-43.

Additional Readings:

E. H. Carr, The Bolshevik Revolution (3 voll.), New York: Penguin, 1950.

Ronald Suny, The Soviet Experiment, Oxford: OUP, 2011.

Paul Mattick, Workers’ Control (1967), Section 3.

https://www.marxists.org/archive/mattick-paul/1967/workers-control.htm

Paresh Chattopadhyay, 'The Failure of Twentieth-Century Socialism and Marx’s Continuing Relevance', Socialism and Democracy, Vol. 24, n. 3 (2010), pp. 23-45.

Week 7 – 28 February: Councils Movement

Required Readings:

Pierre Broué, The German Revolution, 1917-1923, London: Merlin Press, 2006, Chapter 1: 1-10, Chapter 7: pp. 89-110, Chapter 8: 129-155.

Additional Readings:

Gabriel Kuhn (Ed.), All the Power to the Councils: A Documentary History of the German Revolution of 1918-1919 , Oakland: PM Press, 2012, in particular: Ernst Daeumig, "The Council Idea and Its Realization", pp. 51-58.

https://libcom.org/files/Allpower%20to%20the%20councils.pdf

Rosa Luxemburg, The Mass Strike, the Political Party and the Trade Unions (1906) (sections 4 and 6-8).

https://www.marxists.org/archive/luxemburg/1906/mass-strike/

Antonio Gramsci, "The Turin factory council movement" (1921).

https://www.marxists.org/archive/gramsci/1921/03/turin_councils.htm

Ralf Hoffrogge, Working-Class Politics in the German Revolution, Leiden: Brill, 2014.

Gwyn A. Williams, Proletarian Order: Antonio Gramsci, Factory Councils and the Origins of Communism in Italy, 1911-1921 , London: PLuto Press, 1975.

Marcel van der Linden, "On Council Communism", in Historical Materialism, vol. 12 (2004), n. 4.

https://www.marxists.org/subject/left-wing/2004/council-communism.htm

Anton Pannekoek, Workers' Councils (1946)

https://www.marxists.org/archive/pannekoe/1947/workers-councils.htm

Rosa Luxemburg, "The Socialisation of Society" (1918).

https://www.marxists.org/archive/luxemburg/1918/12/20.htm

Lelio Basso, Rosa Luxemburg: A Reappraisal, London: Deutsch 1975.

Paul Mattick, Anti-Bolshevik Communism, London: Merlin 1978.

https://www.marxists.org/archive/mattick-paul/1978/introduction.htm

Week 8 – 7 March: Spanish Revolution

Required Readings:

Eddie Conlon, The Spanish Civil War: Anarchism in Action, Workers' Solidarity Movement, 1986 (extracts).

https://libcom.org/history/1936-1939-the-spanish-civil-war-and-revolution

Deirdre Hogan, Industrial Collectivisation during the Spanish Revolution

http://struggle.ws/wsm/rbr/rbr7/spain.html

Additional Materials:

Ken Loach, Land and Freedom, UK - Spain, 109 min.

https://vimeo.com/17190850

Pierre Broue - Emile Temime, The Revolution and the Civil War in Spain , Chapter 4: "Pronunciamiento and Revolution", pp. 93-120, Chapter 5: "The Revolutionary Gains", pp. 121-149.

Lose Peirats, The CNT in the Spanish Revolution, Volume 1, Chapter 8: "Spain in flames".

https://libcom.org/files/The%20CNT%20in%20the%20Spanish%20Revoluti%20-%20Jose%20Peirats.pdf

Karl Korsch, Collectivization in Spain (1939)

https://www.marxists.org/archive/korsch/1939/collectivization.htm

Gaston Leval, Collectives in the Spanish revolution

https://libcom.org/library/collectives-spanish-revolution-gaston-leval

Michael Seidman, Republic of Egos: A Social History of the Spanish Civil War

https://libcom.org/files/Republic_of_Egos.pdf

Lose Peirats, Anarchists In The Spanish Revolution

https://libcom.org/files/Peirats%20J.%20Anarchists%20in%20the%20Spanish%20Revolution.pdf

George Orwell, Homage to Catalonia

Week 9 – 14 March: Chinese Communist Revolution

Required Readings:

TBA

Additional Readings:

Edward Friedman, Backward Toward Revolution, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1974.

Jean Chesneaux, Peasant Revolts in China, 1840-1949, pp. 101-120, 150-166.

Harold R. Isaacs, The Tragedy of the Chinese Revolution (1938).

https://www.marxists.org/history/etol/writers/isaacs/1938/tcr/

Week 10 – 21 March: Anti-colonial Movements: The Case of Algeria

Required Readings:

Alistair Horne, A savage war of peace: Algeria, 1954-1962 , London: Macmillan, 1977 (extracts TBA).

Additional Materials:

Gillo Pontecorvo, The Battle of Algiers, Italy - Algeria, 120 min.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m-lWF100yTM&ab_channel=StephenBoyd

Joan Gillespie, Algeria: Rebellion and Revolution, Westport: Greenwood Press, 1960, Chapter 9: "The Revolutionary Years", pp. 112-179.

Franz Fanon, A Dying Colonialism, New York: Grove Press, 1959.

http://abahlali.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/04/Frantz-Fanon-A-Dying-Colonialism.pdf

Ernesto Che Guevara, Message to the Tricontinental (1967)

Week 11 – 28 March: Paris 1968: We Want Everything!

Required Readings:

1968: - a chronology of events in France and internationally

https://libcom.org/history/articles/france-1968

Daniel Singer, Prelude to Revolution (1970), Cambridge: South End Press, pp. 115-151.

Additional Materials:

Alain Schnapp - Pierre Vidal-Naquet, The French Student Uprising, November 1967-June 1968: An Analytical Record , Boston: Beacon Press, 1971, in particular pp. 147-240 and 325-372.

Paris 1968 posters

https://libcom.org/gallery/paris-68-posters

Vv. Aa., May-June 1968 - A Situation Lacking in Workers' Autonomy

https://libcom.org/library/may-june-1968-absence-workers-autonomy

Christine Fauré, Mai 68, Paris: Gallimard, 1998.

Michael M. Seidman, The Imaginary Revolution: Parisian Students and Workers in 1968, New York: Berghahn Books, Chap. 1 "Sex, Drugs, and Revolution", pp. 17-52.

https://books.google.ca/books?id=3ZaXdwPyblcC&printsec=frontcover&hl=it&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false

Obsolete communism: The left wing alternative - Daniel and Gabriel Cohn-Bendit

https://libcom.org/files/Obsolete%20Communism%20-%20The%20left-wing%20alternative%20-%20Daniel%20Cohn-Bendit%20&%20Gabriel%20Cohn-Bendit.pdf

Tom Nairn and Angelo Quattrocchi, The Beginning of the End: France, May 1968, London: Verso.

General Strike: France 1968 - A factory by factory account

https://libcom.org/library/general-strike-france-1968-factory-factory-account

M. Klimke - J. Scharloth (Eds.), 1968 in Europe: A History of Protest and Activism, 1956–1977, London: Palgrave, 2008.

Kristin Ross, May '68 and Its Afterlives, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

http://angg.twu.net/tmp/ross__may_68_and_its_afterlives.pdf

Tariq Ali - Susan Watkins (Eds), 1968: Marching in the Streets

Margaret Atack, May 68 in French Fiction & Film, Oxford: OUP, 1999.

Week 12 – 4 April: Final Exam

January 2013

Additional info
  • University Name: York University

York University

Department of Sociology

Liberal Arts & Professional Studies

SOCI 3040. 3.0 (F)

Advanced Sociological Theory:

Alternatives to Capitalism

Fall 2014

Course Director: Dr. Marcello Musto

Class Time: Thursday 19:00 - 22:00

Class Location: Ross Building S103

Office Location: 134 Founders College

Office Hours: Thursday 17:30 - 18:30

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Phone: 416 – 736 2100, Ext. 22558

Course Syllabus


The course will center on some of the principal conceptions of Socialism between 1789 and 1989. Its first part will be dedicated to some of the most important Socialist thinkers of the Nineteenth Century (Saint-Simon, Fourier, Owen, Proudhon, Lassalle, Marx, Bakunin and Kropotkin), while the second part will focus on the analysis of some of the main Socialist controversies and political experiences of the Twentieth Century, such as Leninism, the so-called “actually existing socialism” in Soviet Union, Cuba, the main Socialist experiences in Africa, and the so-called 'Socialism of the XXI Century' in Latin America.

Goal of the course is to examine the characteristics and distinguishing features of the varied Socialisms articulated by some of the main Socialists of the Nineteenth and the Twentieth century. The selection of readings will focus on the writings in which these thinkers developed their theories of how a Socialist society should be economically and politically organized.

Special attention will be dedicated to Marx’s Socialism and to his critique of other Socialisms, including Anarchism. Though he never composed a single text specifically on Socialism and post-capitalist society, through his critique of capitalism Marx pointed to some of the key social features and relations of production in the “society of free producers” which would replace the capitalist social formation. The course will explore the originality of Marx’s theories in comparison with those of his socialist predecessors, as well as the differences between his ideas and the historical record of “actually existing Socialism”.

Course Requirements

Class Participation:

This course is taught in weekly lectures lasting 2 hours and 50 minutes. Attendance and informed participation at all class meetings is not only strongly recommended, but required. Students are expected to attend class regularly, complete the assignment readings on time and participate actively in class discussion. Participation will be marked for attendance and quality of participation.

In the lectures I will try to:

- give all the pertinent biographical information about the author(s) and the historical context in which the assigned texts were written;

- reconstruct the argument of the author(s), and provide an overview of the assigned readings;

- identify the key questions for discussion, and the controversies implied by the material;

- critically analyze the texts (for example: what are the limitations of the position expressed in the readings?);

- Identify anything you found unclear or hard to understand;

- conclude with three discussion questions for the group to consider.

Please note that food and the use of cell phone in classroom will not be allowed.

Midterm Exams:

A midterm exams will be held on October 23, at the regular class time and place. The exam will last 120 minutes and it will consist of answering to 3 questions (out of 4) drawn from the readings assigned until that date (i.e., from week 1 to week 6).

Midterm marks will be available (if necessary) by email before November 7, 2014, and/or at the class of November 13, when I return the exams with critical feedback/suggestions that you might want to consider before starting to write the final paper.

Final Paper:

Students are free to propose their own final paper topic in this course, but it has to be related to the authors and/or the writings contained within the course syllabus. The Final Paper should:

- be approximately 3000 words, including footnotes but not bibliography;

- be clearly structured (divided into at least 3/4 sections), and written with rigorous evidence (particularly references to published works);

- be argued with documentation from critical sources (1-2 books and/or articles per page is a good rule of thumb). These sources may include some of the assigned readings, but must also evidence discovered though original research.

Final papers will be due 11 December by email. Late assignment will be penalized.

Warning: the paper must be entirely your own work. Be sure to meet all requirements of academic integrity (ie, no plagiarism).

Access to Readings:

The titles Peter Kropotkin, The Conquest of the bread (Cambridge University Press) and

Marcello Musto (ed.), Workers Unite! The International 150 Years After (Bloomsbury, 2014) have been ordered at York Bookstore.

Many of the required readings are available on-line; while the following volumes are on reserve at Scott library:

Paresh Chattopadhyay, The Marxian Concept of Capital and the Soviet Experience, Westport, CT: Praeger 1994

George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume I: The Forerunners 1789-1850, London: MacMillan 1962

George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume II: Marxism and Anarchism 1850-1890, London: MacMillan 1961

Eric J. Hobsbawm, The Age of Revolution 1789-1848, Chicago: Mentor 1962

Eric Hobsbawm, ed., The History of Marxism, Volume 1: Marxism in Marx's day, Brighton: Harvester 1982

Harry W. Laidler, History of Socialism, New York: Thomas Y. Crowell 1968

Carl Landauer, European Socialism, Berkeley/Los Angeles: University of California Press 1959

Course Evaluation

Class Participation

20%

Midterm Exam

30%

Final paper

50%

 

Schedule of Classes and Readings

Week 1 - Sep 11 Introduction and The Early Socialists I: Saint Simon

Required Readings:

- Carl Landauer, European Socialism, pp. 21-35 (Chap. I: 'The Three Anticapitalistic Movement', sections 1, 2 and 3).

- George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume I: The Forerunners 1789-1850, pp. 37-50 (Chap. IV: 'Saint-Simon').

- Claude de Saint-Simon, excerpts from The Organizer [1819], Industrial System [1821] and On Social Organization [1825] (to be distributed during the course).

Excerpts taken from the following volumes:

Saint-Simon, Henri. Henri Saint-Simon (1760-1825): Selected writings on science, industry, and social organization. Croom Helm. 1975.

Comte de Saint-Simon (ed. Markham), Henri Comte de Saint-Simon 1760-1825 Selected Writings. Blackwell Oxford, 1952.

Additional Readings:

- Eric J. Hobsbawm, The Age of Revolution 1789-1848, pp. 22-43 and 363-374 (Chap. 1 and Maps)

- Friedrich Engels, Socialism: Utopian and Scientific (Chap. I: 'The Development of Utopian Socialism')

http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1880/soc-utop/index.htm

- Ghita Ionescu, Introduction, in Id. (ed.), The Political Thought of Saint-Simon, Cambridge University Press 1976.

Week 2 - Sep 18 The Early Socialists II: Fourier and Owen

Required Readings:

- Carl Landauer, European Socialism, pp. 35-59 (Chap. I: 'The Three Anticapitalistic Movement', section 5)

- George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume I: The Forerunners 1789-1850, pp. 62-74 and 86-101 (Chap. VI: 'Fourier and Fourierism' and Chap. IX: 'Owen and Owenism - Earlier Phases')

Additional Readings:

Eric J. Hobsbawm, The Age of Revolution 1789-1848, pp. 44-73 (Chap. 2)

Charles Fourier, 'The Phalanstery' (Fragment I) http://marxists.org/reference/archive/fourier/works/ch20.htm

Charles Fourier, 'The Phalanstery' (Fragment II)
http://marxists.org/reference/archive/fourier/works/ch27.htm

Charles Fourier, 'Attractive Labour'

http://marxists.org/reference/archive/fourier/works/ch26.htm

Robert Owen, A New View of Society (Essay Two: 'The Principles of the Former Essay continued, and applied in part to Practice', and Essay Four: 'The end of government is to make the governed and the governors happy')
http://marxists.org/reference/subject/economics/owen/index.htm#new-view

George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume I: The Forerunners 1789-1850, pp. 120-131 (Chap. XI: 'Owen and the Trade Unions - The end of Owenism')

Week 3 - Sep 25 Proudhon’s Mutualism, or Socialism as Workers’ Self-Management (with an appendix on Lassalle and State Socialism)

Required Readings:

- Carl Landauer, European Socialism, pp. 59-68 (Chap. I: 'The Three Anticapitalistic Movement', section 6)

- George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume I: The Forerunners 1789-1850, pp. 201-218 (Chap. XIX: 'Proudhon')

Additional Readings:

Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, General Idea of the Revolution in the Nineteenth Century (Chap. III: 'The Principle of Association', and Chap. VI: section 3: 'Division of Labour, Collective Forces, Machines, Workingmen’s Associations')
http://fair-use.org/p-j-proudhon/general-idea-of-the-revolution/

Karl Marx, On Proudhon

http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1865/letters/65_01_24.htm

Friedrich Engels – Karl Marx, Manifesto of the Communist Party (Chap. III: 'Socialist and Communist Literature')

http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1848/communist-manifesto/index.htm

Additional Readings on Ferdinand Lassalle:

George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume II: Marxism and Anarchism 1850-1890, pp. 71-87 (Chap. V: 'Lassalle')

Ferdinand Lassalle, The Working Man’s Programme
http://books.google.com/books?id=jAnvxDwjIYgC&pg=PA1&lpg=PA1&dq=%E2%80%A2%09Ferdinand+Lassalle,+The+Working+Man%E2%80%99s+Programme+edward+peters&source=bl&ots=ZWTEvlgAeO&sig=yI4lwocg9JhlwhW8CtoLpR2rBl4&hl=it&ei=BZMyS7OGO42xlAevv4ygBw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3&ved=0CBQQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=%E2%80%A2%09Ferdinand%20Lassalle%2C%20The%20Working%20Man%E2%80%99s%20Programme%20edward%20peters&f=false

Week 4 - Oct 2 Marx's Socialism, or t he Associated Mode of Production

Required Readings:

Friedrich Engels – Karl Marx, Manifesto of the Communist Party (Chap. I: 'Bourgeois and Proletarians')

http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1848/communist-manifesto/index.htm

Karl Marx, Capital (Chap. I, section 4: 'The Fetishism of the Commodity and Its Secret')

http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1867-c1/ch01.htm#S4

Marcello Musto (ed.), Workers Unite! The International 150 Years After (chapters TBA)

Marcello Musto, “Revisiting Marx’s Concept of Alienation”, Socialism and Democracy, vol. 24, n. 3 (November 2010): 79-101

Additional Readings:

Eric Hobsbawm, 'Marx, Engels and Pre-Marxian socialism', in idem, ed., The History of Marxism, Volume 1: Marxism in Marx's day

Karl Marx, Grundrisse ('The Fragments on Machines', pp. 690-712)

http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1857/grundrisse/index.htm

Also available here:

thenewobjectivity.com/pdf/marx.pdf

Karl Marx, Critique of the Gotha Programme

http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1875/gotha/index.htm

Ernest Mandel, 'Marx, Karl Heinrich', in John Eatwell - Murray Milgate - Peter Newman (eds), The New Palgrave: A Dictionary of Economics, Volume 3, pp. 367-383

http://www.marxists.org/archive/mandel/19xx/marx/

Clara Zetkin, 'What the Women Owe to Karl Marx', in Frank Mecklenburg - Manfred Stassen, German Essays on Socialism in the Nineteenth Century, pp. 237-241.

Marcello Musto, 'The Rediscovery of Karl Marx', International Review of Social History, Vol. 52, part 3 (2007): 477-498

Week 5 - Oct 9 The International Working Men’s Association

Required Readings:

Marcello Musto, “Introduction” to Id. (ed.), Workers Unite! The International 150 Years After, pp. 1-68.

Additional Readings:

Excerpts from Marcello Musto (ed.), Workers Unite! The International 150 Years After (chapters TBA)

Week 6 - Oct 16 Anarchism

Required Readings:

Peter Kropotkin, 'Anarchism' (from The Encyclopaedia Britannica)

http://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/kropotkin-peter/1910/britannica.htm

Excerpts from Marcello Musto (ed.), Workers Unite! The International 150 Years After (chapters TBA)

Peter Kropotkin, The Conquest of the bread (chapter to be announced)

Additional Readings:

George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume II: Marxism and Anarchism 1850-1890, pp. 213-236 (Chap. IX: 'Bakunin')

Maximilien Rubel, Theoretician of Anarchism

http://www.marxists.org/archive/rubel/1973/marx-anarchism.htm

George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume II: Marxism and Anarchism 1850-1890, pp. 315-360 (Chap. XII: 'Anarchists and Anarchist-Communists - Kropotkin')

Week 7 - Oct 23 Midterm Exam

Week 8 - Nov 6 The Soviets

Required Readings:

Vladimir Lenin, State and Revolution (Chapters I, II, III, V)

http://www.marxists.org/archive/lenin/works/1917/staterev/

Additional Readings:

Paresh Chattopadhyay, The Marxian Concept of Capital and the Soviet Experience, Westport, CT: Praeger 1994

Paresh Chattopadhyay, 'The Economic Content of Socialism: Marx vs. Lenin', Review of Radical Political Economics, Vol. 24, n. 3-4 (1992): 90-110

Paresh Chattopadhyay, 'The Failure of Twentieth-Century Socialism and Marx’s Continuing Relevance', Socialism and Democracy, vol. 24, n. 3 (2010): 23-45

Vladimir Lenin, 'Last Testament: Letter to the Congress'

http://www.marxists.org/archive/lenin/works/1922/dec/testamnt/congress.htm

Week 9 - Nov 13 Council Communism

Required Readings:

Anton Pannekoek, Workers’ Councils (chapters TBA)

http://www.marxists.org/archive/pannekoe/1947/workers-councils.htm

Additional Readings:

Marcel van der Linden, “On Council Communism”

http://libcom.org/files/Council%20communism.pdf

Week 10 - Nov 20 Socialist Planned Economy

Required Readings:

Charles Bettelheim , Theoretical and Practical Problems with Planning (chapters TBA)

Additional Readings:

Carl Landauer (1947): Theory of National Economic Planning. University of California Press. Berkeley and Los Angeles, Second edition.

Alec Nove (1987): "Planned economy," The New Palgrave: A Dictionary of Economics, v. 3, pp. 879–85.

Week 11 - Nov 27 Cuba and Socialist Experiences in Africa

Required Readings:

Ernesto Che Guevara, “ Complete Text of his Message to the Tricontinental" (and other writings TBA)

Thomas Sankara, We Are the Heirs of the World's Revolutions: Speeches from the Burkina Faso Revolution 1983-87 , by Pathfinder Press, 2007 (excerpts TBA)

Additional Readings:

Guevara, Ernesto "Che" (editors Bonachea, Rolando E. and Nelson P. Valdés; 1969). Che: Selected Works of Ernesto Guevara, Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press.

Guevara, Ernesto "Che" (translated from the Spanish by Patrick Camiller; 2000). The African Dream. New York: Grove Publishers.

Thomas Sankara, Thomas Sankara Speaks: The Burkina Faso Revolution, 1983-87, Pathfinder Press, 1988

Thomas Sankara, Women's Liberation and the African Freedom Struggle, Pathfinder Press, 1990

Alfred Cudjoe, Who killed Sankara? University of California, 1988

Week 12 - Dec 4 Socialism in Latin America (1973-2014)

A list of texts (and audio materials) for the last class will be distributed during the course.

January 2013

Additional info
  • University Name: York University

York University

AP/SOCI 4670 3.00 B (W) N

The Social Self


Winter 2015

Course Director: Dr. Marcello Musto

Class Time: Wednesday 19:00 – 22.00

Class Location: ACE 010

Office Location: N833A Ross Building
Office Hours: Thursday 12:00-13:00 and by appointment

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Phone: 416 – 736 2100 - Ext. 22558

Course Syllabus


The course will centre on the analysis of some of the most important modern and contemporary perceptions of the social self in Western societies, starting from 1492 and the discovery of the “other” in the Americas. The selection of readings focuses on the examination of the characteristics and distinguishing features of the varied conceptions of social self articulated – among others – by liberalism, Marx, Freud and by the advocates of nationalism.

Special attention will be dedicated to the XXth century. With the “revolutions” of psychoanalysis, the feminist critique, the liberation movements of 1968, and after the huge impacts produced by mass media and technological inventions - which followed World War II -, the idea of social self changed dramatically. Therefore, on the basis of some well known essays of mainstream North-American sociology, of classics of the “new Left” - such as Marcuse and Debord -, and of the work of Baudrillard, in the second part of the course there will be a critical analysis of the differences produced in human sciences with respect to the “self”.

Course Requirements and Evaluation

Class Participation

30%

Presentation

20%

Final Exam

50%

Class Participation:

This course is taught in weekly seminars lasting 2 hours and 50 minutes. Attendance and informed participation at all class meetings is not only strongly recommended, but required. Students are expected to attend class regularly, complete the assignment readings on time and participate actively in class discussion. Participation will be marked for attendance and quality of participation.

Presentation:

Each class will begin with a student presentation (not exceeding 30 minutes) on the assigned readings. Presenters should provide a 2 page summary (by photocopy) of her/his presentation for other students.

A good presentation is very important to stimulate discussion. Therefore, please avoid just reading from a paper, and try to present ideas and raise questions for the engagement of others. Presentations should:

- give all the pertinent biographical information about the author(s) and the historical context in which the assigned texts were written;

- reconstruct the argument of the author(s), and provide an overview of the assigned readings;

- identify the key questions for discussion, and the controversies implied by the material;

- critically analyze the texts (for example: what are the limitations of the position expressed in the readings?);

- Identify anything you found unclear or hard to understand;

- conclude with three discussion questions for the group to consider.

Final Exam :

A final exam will be held on April 1st, at the regular class time and place. The exam will last 120 minutes and it will consist of answering to 6 questions (out of 9) drawn from the readings assigned during the course.

The first three questions will be related to Karl Marx, Sigmund Freud and Simone de Beauvoir, while the last 3 questions (out of 6), to which students will have to respond, will be focused on the other readings (more detailed information about the exam and the kind of questions of the exam will be given during the course).

Access to Readings:

The title Workers Unite! The International 150 Years Later, edited by Marcello Musto. London: Bloomsbury (2014) has been ordered at York Bookstore. Excerpts from Simone de Beauvoir’s The Second Sex will be distributed during the course, while the books: Giora Shoham (ed.) Alienation and Anomie Revisited, Herbet Marcuse, Eros and Civilization and Jean Baudrillard, The Consumer Society are on reserve at Scott library. All the others required readings are available on-line.

Note:

Mid-term class participation and presentation (if already done) marks will be available by email or by appointment the week of 10 February.

Schedule of Classes and Readings

Jan 7 Introduction and Overview

Jan 14 The “Self” after 1492

Tzvetan Todorov, The Conquest of America: The Question of the Other [1982] (From chap. I: “The Discovery of America”, “Columbus and the Indians” [pp. 3-42]; and “Epilogue”)

http://books.google.ca/books?id=LrcX-UKNdBEC&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false

Jan 21 The Bourgeois Myth of Robinson Crusoe

Daniel Defoe, The Life and Adventures of Robinson Crusoe [1808]

http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/12623

Ian Watt, “Robinson Crusoe as a Myth,Essays in Criticism, vol. I (1951), n. 2, pp. 95-119

Jan 28 Labour Movement and the Marxian Critique

Marcello Musto (ed.), Workers Unite! The International 150 Years Later, New York/London: Bloomsbury, 2014, (10 documents by choice among those included in parts 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8 and 9 of the volume).

Karl Marx, Manifesto of the Communist Party [1848] (Chapter I. Bourgeois and Proletarians)

http://marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1848/communist-manifesto/ch01.htm#007

Karl Marx, Capital (capital 1, section 4: “The Fetishism of Commodities and the Secret Thereof”).

http://marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1867-c1/ch01.htm#S4

Feb 4 Nationalism and Imagined Communities

Benedict Anderson, Immagined Communities [1983] (Introduction and chapters 1-3)

https://www2.bc.edu/marian-simion/th406/readings/0420anderson.pdf

http://www.amstudy.hku.hk/PDF/engl56_kj_anderson_communities.pdf

Feb 11 Social Self After Psychoanalysis

Sigmund Freud, Civilization and Its Discontents [1930]

http://www2.winchester.ac.uk/edstudies/courses/level%20two%20sem%20two/Freud-Civil-Disc.pdf

Feb 25 Being Woman

Simone de Beauvoir, The Second Sex [1949] (excerpts to be distributed during the course)

Mar 4 Alienation Theory in North-American Sociology

Marcello Musto, “Revisiting Marx’s Concept of Alienation”, Socialism and Democracy, vol. 24, n. 3 (November 2010): 79-101

Nettler, Gwynn (1957) “A Measure of Alienation”, American Sociological Review, vol. 22, n. 6, pp. 670-677

Seeman, Melvin (1959) “On the Meaning of Alienation”, American Sociological Review, vol. 24, n. 6, pp. 783-791

Clark, John (1959) “Measuring alienation within a social system”, American Sociological Review, vol. 24, n. 6, pp. 849-852

Schweitzer, David (1982) “Alienation, De-alienation, and Change: A critical overview of current perspectives in philosophy and the social sciences”, in Giora Shoham (ed.) Alienation and Anomie Revisited, Tel Aviv: Ramot, pp. 27-70

Heinz, Walter R. (1992) “Changes in the Methodology of Alienation Research”, in Felix Geyer and Walter R. Heinz (ed.), Alienation, society, and the individual, New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction, pp. 213-221.

Mar 11 Social Self at the Time of the 1968 Protests

Herbet Marcuse, Eros and Civilization [1955] (chapters VI, VII, VIII, X)

Mar 18 The “Self” and the Mass Media

Guy Debord, The Society of the Spectacle [1967] (chapters 1-53, and 73-124)

http://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/debord/society.htm

Mar 25 Social Self as a Consumer

Jean Baudrillard, The Consumer Society [1974] (Part I chapters I-III; Part II chapters I-II; Part III chapter V; and the Conclusion)

Apr 1 Final Exam

January 2013

Additional info
  • University Name: York University

York University

Department of Sociology

Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies

AP/SOCI 4910 6.0 A (Y)

Sociology of Knowledge

Fall 2013 - Winter 2014

Course Director: Dr. Marcello Musto

Class Time: Tuesday 7:00-10:00

Class Location: VH 1022

Office Location: 637 Atkinson College Office Hours: Thursday 6:00-7:00

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Phone: 416 – 736 2100 Ext. 22565

Course Syllabus

This course will centre on the principal authors, texts and debates of the sociology of knowledge. Its first part will be dedicated to some of the most important foundational texts and classic intellectual developments within the field, while the second part will focus on the contributions and controversies that have followed from Marxist and other critical approaches.

The goal of the course is to explore the ways in which ideas figure in the development of social institutions, with particular attention to the social impact of belief systems. What knowledge is, how it is comprehended, and what it implies for society cannot simply be taken for granted. On the one hand, knowledge is socially constructed in even its most strictly scientific forms; on the other hand, the forms and patterns through which things are known have the most profound influence on social experience and behaviour. The constant mutual interaction between knowledge and social existence is both inherent in what sociology proposes to study, and constitutive of such study in practice.

Francis Bacon famously proposed that 'Knowledge is power'. The precise nature of this relationship depends, of course, on how each of these terms is conceived. Special attention in the course will be dedicated to the various meanings of 'ideology' and how these conceptions have figured within the sociology of knowledge over time. Although the course may appear to be devoted to studying ideas about ideas, ultimately it is about the forms and processes of social being constituted by people who grasp ideas.

Course Requirements

Class Participation:

This course is taught in 24 weekly seminars lasting 2 hours and 50 minutes. Attendance and informed participation at all class meetings is not only strongly recommended, but required. Students are expected to attend class regularly, complete the assignment readings on time, and participate actively in class discussion. Participation will be marked on the basis of a combination of attendance and quality of participation.

Presentation(s):

Each class will begin with a student presentation (30 minutes long) on the assigned readings. Presenters should provide a 2-page summary (by photocopy) of her/his presentation for the other students. Every student has to give two presentations: the first in fall term and the second in winter term.

A good presentation is very important to stimulate discussion. Therefore, please avoid just reading from a paper, and try to present ideas and raise questions for the engagement of others. Presentations should:

- provide pertinent biographical information about the author(s) and the historical context in which the assigned texts were written;

- reconstruct the main argument of the author(s) and provide a brief overview of the assigned readings;

- identify the key questions for discussion, and the controversies implied by the material;

- critically analyze the texts (for example: what are the limitations of the position expressed in the readings?);

- identify anything you found unclear or particularly hard to understand;

- conclude with three discussion questions for the group to consider.

Final Paper Proposal:

Students are free to propose their own final paper topic, but it has to be related to the authors and/or the writings read during the course (papers on the knowledge "models" of one or more authors, or offering comparison among different sociological conceptions of knowledge, are the most welcome).

Final paper proposals should be 3-4 pages and should include the following information:

- an indication of the title;

- an annotated bibliography of 5-10 sources to be consulted, beyond those on the course outline. Each entry must include: a) the full and complete bibliographic citation; and b) a short assessment of why the source will be useful for your paper;

- a preliminary outline for the paper. This text should be a prose summary (i.e., not bullet-points) of the approach and ideas from which you will start, providing an overview of the paper you expect to write. It should also describe the probable sections into which your paper will be divided.

Final papers proposal will be due 14 January, in hard copy and by email. Late assignment will be penalized.

Final Paper:

The topic of the paper must be the one approved through the Final Paper Proposal. The Final Paper should:

- be approximately 5000 words, including footnotes and bibliography (roughly 20 pages double-spaced in 12 pt. 'Times New Roman' font);

- be clearly structured (divided into at least 4/5 sections), and written with rigorous reference to supporting evidence; generally, 1-2 references to books or articles per page is a good rule of thumb. These sources may include assigned readings, but there must also be evidence of original research.

- citations should refer to hard-copy books and journals, indicating page numbers. Papers with references to internet sources - unless they are truly necessary - will be penalized. (Books and articles can of course be accessed on-line; what is essential is that the sources be published.)

Final papers will be due 1 April, at the beginning of the final class, in hard copy and by email. Late assignments will be penalized.

Warning: the final paper must be entirely your own work. No plagiarism or other failure of academic integrity will be tolerated. You are fully responsible for knowing what academic honesty means and how it is to be practised. If you have any uncertainty, it is your responsibility to raise the question in class or during office hours.

Access to Course Readings:

The following titles have been ordered at theYork Bookstore:

Emile Durkheim - Marcel Mauss, Primitive Classification;

Marcello Musto (E d.), Karl Marx’s Grundrisse. Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy 150 Years Later;

Max Weber, A Reader (Routledge);

Peter Berger - Thomas Luckmann, Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge;

Immanuel Wallerstein, The Uncertainties of Knowledge;

E. Doyle McCarthy , Knowledge as Culture: The New Sociology of Knowledge;

Edward W. Said, Orientalism;

Thomas Kuhn, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions;

Paul Feyerabend, Against Method;

Michel Foucault, The Archaeology of Knowledge;

Michel Foucault, The History of Sexuality. Vol. I: The Will to Knowledge .

A list of texts from among which to choose for the last class will be distributed during the course.

Many of the required readings are available on-line (more information on the course can be also found at www.marcellomusto.com); while Robert K. Merton, Social Theory and Social Structure, and Bertell Ollman, Dance of Dialectic are on reserve at Scott library.

Course Evaluation

Class Participation

30%

Presentation I (Fall Term)

10%

Presentation II (Winter Term)

10%

Final paper proposal

10%

Final paper

40%

Note: As required by Senate policy, at least 30% of the final grade will be available to students in the course prior to the last date by which full-year courses can be dropped without receiving a grade (February 14, 2014). This partial grade will comprise marks for the Fall Term Presentation and the Final paper proposal, and a preliminary evaluation of Participation based on the Fall Term. This portion of the Participation grade, however, is not necessarily fixed; the final Participation grade will be based upon the whole of the course.

 Schedule of Classes and Readings

Winter Term

Sep 10 Introduction and Overview

Sep 17 The Pioneers I

Emile Durkheim - Marcel Mauss, Primitive Classification [1902] (chapters 1. Introduction, 2. The Problem, 7. Conclusions)

Sep 24 The Pioneers II

Emile Durkheim, The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life [1912] (Introduction and Conclusion)

http://archive.org/details/elementaryformso00durkrich

 David Bloor, “Durkheim and Mauss revisited: Classification and the sociology of knowledge”, Studies in History and Philosophy of Science vol. 13.4 (1982): 267-97

Oct 1 The Marxian Critique I

 Karl Marx, Theses on Feuerbach [1845]

http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1845/theses/index.htm

Friedrick Engels – Karl Marx, The German Ideology [1845-46] (Part I: Feuerbach.Opposition of the Materialist and Idealist Outlook)

http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1845/german-ideology/

Oct 8 The Marxian Critique II

Karl Marx, Grundrisse [1857-58] (“1857 Introduction” [pp. 81-112])

http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1857/grundrisse/

Marcello Musto, 'History, Production and Method in the 1857 Introduction', in idem (Ed.), Karl Marx’s Grundrisse. Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy 150 Years Later, pp. 3-32

Oct 15 Weber and the Objectivity of Knowledge

Max Weber, “The Objectivity of the Sociological and Social-Political Knowledge”, [1904]

Oct 22 Mannheim and the Foundation of the Concept

Karl Mannheim, Ideology and Utopia [1929] (Part V: The Sociology of Knowledge)

 http://archive.org/details/ideologyutopiain00mann

Nov 5 The Contribution of Robert Merton

Robert Merton, Social Theory and Social Structure [1949] (Part III The Sociology of Knowledge and Mass Communications)

Nov 12 Knowledge in Everyday Life I

Peter Berger - Thomas Luckmann, Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge [1966] (Introduction and Section I)

http://amstudugm.files.wordpress.com/2011/04/social-construction-of-reality.pdf

Nov 19 Knowledge in Everyday Life II

Peter Berger - Thomas Luckmann, Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge [1966] (Section II)

Nov 26 Knowledge in Everyday Life III

Peter Berger - Thomas Luckmann, Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge [1966] (Section III and Conclusion)

Dec 3 Phenomenology and Knowledge

Alfred Schutz, The Structures of the Life-World [1973] (Part 4: Knowledge and Society)

http://books.google.cl/books?id=LGXBxI0Xsh8C&printsec=frontcover&hl=it#v=onepage&q&f=false

Winter Term

Jan 7 World Systems Analysis and Knowldge I

 Immanuel Wallerstein, The Uncertainties of Knowledge [2004] (Introduction and chapters 1, 2 and 3)

Jan 14 World Systems Analysis and Knowldge II

Immanuel Wallerstein, The Uncertainties of Knowledge [2004] (chapters 9, 10 and 11)

Jan 21 True and False Knowledges

E. Doyle McCarthy , Knowledge as Culture: The New Sociology of Knowledge [1996] (Introduction and chapters I and II)

Jan 28 Knowledge, Dialectic and The Philosophy of Internal Relations

Bertell Ollman, Dance of Dialectic [2003] (Introduction and chapters 1, 2, 3, and 4)

Feb 4 The French Structuralist and the American Pragmatist Traditions

E. Doyle McCarthy , Knowledge as Culture: The New Sociology of Knowledge (chapters III and IV)

Feb 11 The Feminist Approach

E. Doyle McCarthy , Knowledge as Culture: The New Sociology of Knowledge (chapters V and Epilogue)

Alison Wylie, Elizabeth Potter, and Wenda K. Bauchspies, “Feminist Perspectives on Science”, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/feminist-science/

Feb 25 Knowledge, Postcolonialism and Subalternity

Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, "Can the Subaltern Speak?", in C. Nelson and L. Grossberg (eds), Marxism and the Interpretation of Culture [1988]

http://www.mcgill.ca/files/crclaw-discourse/Can_the_subaltern_speak.pdf

Edward W. Said, Orientalism [1978] (Introduction)

Mar 4 Sociology of Scientific Knowledge

Thomas Kuhn, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions [1962]

(chapters TBA)

Mar 11 Anarchism in Science

Paul Feyerabend, Against Method [1975]

(chapters TBA)

Mar 18 Power and Knowledge

Michel Foucault, The Archaeology of Knowledge [1972] (Introduction, Part IV, chapter 6: Science and Knowledge, and Conclusion)

Mar 25 Sexuality and Knowledge

Michel Foucault, The History of Sexuality. Vol. I: The Will to Knowledge [1976]

Apr 1 Final Overview and Conclusion

(Final essay due at the beginning of the class)

Additional Readings:

Barber, Bernard 1952 Science And The Social Order. Glencoe, Ill.: Free Press.

Berger, Peter L. 1965 Toward A Sociological Understanding Of Psychoanalysis. Social Research 32: 26-41.

Coser. Lewis A. 1965 Men Of Ideas: A Sociologist's View. New York: Free Press.

Dahlke, H. Otto 1940 The Sociology Of Knowledge. Pages 64-89 In Harry E. Barnes, Howard Becker, And Frances B. Becker (Editors), Contemporary Social Theory. New York: Appieton.

Gerard L. DeGré 1943 Society And Ideology: An Inquiry Into The Sociology Of Knowledge. New York: Columbia Univ. Press.

Lazarsfeld, Paul F.; And Thielens, Wagner Jr. 1958 The Academic Mind: Social Scientists In A Time Of Crisis. A Report Of The Bureau Of Applied Social Re­search, Columbia University. Glencoe, Ill.: Free Press.

Levi-Strauss, Claude 1945 French Sociology. Pages 503-537 In Georges Gurvitch And Wilbert E. Moore (Editors), Twentieth Century Sociology. New York Philosophical Library.

Machlup, Fritz 1962 The Production And Distribution Of Knowledge In The United States. Princeton Univ. Press.

Mannheim, Karl (1922-1940)1953 Essays On Sociology And Social Psychology. Edited By Paul Kecskemeti London: Routledge. - See Especially Pages 77-164 In"Conservative Thought.

Mannheim, Karl (1923-1929) 1952 Essays On The Sociology Of Knowledge. Edited By Paul Kecskemeti. New York: Oxford Univ. Press. -* See Especially Pages 191-229 On "Competition As A Cultural Phenomenon"

Maquet, Jacques J. (1949) 1951 The Sociologyof Knowledge, Its Structure And Its Relation To The Phi­losophy Of Knowledge: A Critical Analysis Of The Systems Of Karl Mannheim And Pitirim A. Sorokin. Translated By John F. Locke. Boston: Beacon. - First Published In French.

Mead, George H. 1934 Mind, Self And Society From The Standpoint Of A Social Behaviorist. Edited By Charles W. Morris. Univ. Of Chicago Press. - Pub­lished Posthumously

Mills. C. Wright 1963 Power, Politics And People: The Collected Essays Of C. Wright Mills. Edited And Introduced By Irving Louis Horowitz. New York: Ox­ford Univ. Press. - See Especially Pages. 423-438 On "Language, Logic And Culture," Pages 439-452 On "Situated Actions And Vocabularies Of Motive," And Pages 453-456 On "Methodological Consequences Of The Sociology Of Knowledge."

Scheler, Max (1926) 1960 Die Wissensformen Und Die Gesellschaft. 2d Ed., Rev. Bern: Francke.

Seeman, Melvin (1956) Intellectual Perspective And Adjustment To Minority Group Status. Social Problems 3: 142-153.

Sorokin, Pitirim A. (1943) 1964 Sociocultural Causality, Space, Time: A Study Of Referential Principles Of Sociology And Social Science. New York: Russell.

Stark, Werner 1958 The Sociology Of Knowledge: An Essay In Aid Of A Deeper Understanding Of The History Of Ideas. London: Routledge; Glencoe. Ill.: Free Press.

Veblen, Thorstein (1891-1913) 1961 The Place Of Science In Modern Civilisation, And Other Essays. New York: Russell.

Wolff, Kurt H. 1959 The Sociology Of Knowledge And Sociological Theory. Pages 567-602 In Llewellyn Gross (Editor), Symposium On Sociological Theory New York: Harper.

Znaniecki, Florian 1940 The Social Role Of The Man Of Knowledge. New York: Columbia Univ. Press.

January 2013

Additional info
  • University Name: York University

York University

AS/POLS 3025 3.0 M (W)

A Century of Revolution

Winter 2013

Course Director: Marcello Musto

Lecture Time: Wed 19:00 – 22:00

Class Location: VC 114

Office Location: Ross Building, N 813 Office Hour: Wed 18:00-19:00

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Phone: 416 – 736 2100, Ext. 20241

Course Syllabus

This course will examine, drawing on an interdisciplinary approach, the major developments in European political thought of the Seventeenth century.

The course will begin with an overview of the historical, productive and social characteristics of the principal European countries of the time, analyzing, in particular, structural changes of economy, and demographic, cultural and religious trends.

In addition to authors as Althusius or Spinoza, special attention will be given to the voices of protest of some of the major humanists, social reformers and political philosophers of the period, in particular Campanella, Bacon, Grotius, Pufendorf and the "Levellers".

In the second part of the course we will consider the contributions of Hobbes and Locke to modern political thought, and the emergence of the liberal state, in light of both the issues and fears raised by "the world turned upside down" and the broader context of fundamental social change. Finally, in the last class the major political theories of the century, learned during the course, will be reviewed and critically compared.

Course Requirements

Class Participation:

This course is taught in weekly lectures lasting 2 hours and 50 minutes. Attendance and informed participation (students are expected complete the assignment readings on time) at all classes is strongly required.

Midterm Examination:

A Midterm Exam will be held on February 28 at the regular class time and place. The exam will last 75 minutes and it will consist of answering 3 questions drawn from the readings assigned until that date.

Final Paper:

The final paper has to be related to the authors and the writings read during the course (papers with a critical analysis of the authors included in the readings, or with a comparison among their different conceptions, are the most welcome).

The Final Paper should:

- be approximately 4.000 words, including footnotes and bibliography (roughly 15 pages double spaced 12 pt. 'Times New Roman' font);

- be clearly structured (divided in at least 3/4 sections), and written with rigorous evidence;

- be argued with documentation from a critical sources (1-2 books and/or articles per page is a good rule of thumb). These sources may include some of the assigned readings, but must also evidence original research.

- have references from hard copy books with the indication of page numbers. Papers with references from internet - unless they are truly necessary - will be penalized.

Final papers will be due 10 April, in hard copy and by email. Late assignment will be penalized.

Warning: the paper must be entirely your own work. No plagiarism.

Access to Readings:

Many of the required readings are available on-line (more information on them could be found at www.marcellomusto.com). The following books have been ordered for the bookstore:

Johannes Althusius, Politica (Liberty Fund Inc.).

Mendle, Michael (ed), The Putney Debates of 1647: The Army, the Levellers, and the English State., Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan.

John Locke, Two Treatises of Government.

Ellen Meiksins Wood, Liberty & Property (Verso, 2012).

Course Evaluation

Class Participation

20%

Mid Term Exam

30%

Final paper

50%

Mid-term class participation marks will be available, if necessary, by email the week of March the 4th.

Schedule of Classes and Readings

Jan 10 Introduction to the Course

Jan 17 Politics as Consociatio Universalis

Johannes Althusius, Politica [1603] (abridged translation of Politics Methodically Set Forth, and Illustrated with Sacred and Profane Examples), (chapters I-V, IX, XVIII-XX, XXXVIII-XXXIX).

http://oll.libertyfund.org/index.php?option=com_staticxt&staticfile=show.php%3Ftitle=692&layout=html

Jan 24 Utopianism

Tommaso Campanella, The city of the sun [1602].

http://ebooks.adelaide.edu.au/c/campanella/tommaso/c18c/

Francis Bacon, The new atlantis [1626].

http://oregonstate.edu/instruct/phl302/texts/bacon/atlantis.html

Jan 31 Natural Law and Natural Rights

Hugo Grotius, De jure belli ac pacis (On the Law of War and Peace) [1625] (Book I, chapters 1, 3; Book II, chapter 1; Book III, chapters 1, 3, 25).

http://socserv.mcmaster.ca/econ/ugcm/3ll3/grotius/Law2.pdf

Samuel von Pufendorf, De jure naturae et gentium (Of the law of nature and nations) [1672] (Book II, Chapter 3, Section XXIII).

http://www.nlnrac.org/earlymodern/law-of-nations/primary-source-documents/law-of-nature-and-nations

http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/pufendorf-moral/

Feb 7 The English Revolution and The Levellers: Demanding Popular Representation

Ellen Meiksins Wood, Liberty & Property, pp. 211-240.

Vv. Aa., The Putney Debate [1647].

http://oll.libertyfund.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1322&Itemid=264

John Lilburne, William Walwyn, Thomas Prince and Richard Overton, An agreement of the free people of England. [1649].

http://www.constitution.org/eng/agreepeo.htm

Feb 14 True Levellers: Freedom from Property

Gerard Winstanley, A Declaration from the Poor oppressed People of England [1649].

http://www.bilderberg.org/land/poor.htm

Gerard Winstanley, The Law of Freedom in a Platform [1652] (chapters: 1-3, 6).

http://www.bilderberg.org/land/lawofree.htm

Feb 28 Hobbes 1

Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan [1651] (list of chapters to read TBA).

Mar 7 Hobbes 2

Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan (list of chapters to read TBA).

Mar 14 Spinoza, or the twilight of servitude

Baruch Spinoza, A Theologico-Political Treatise [1670] (chapters: XVI-XX).

http://www.yesselman.com/ttpelws1.htm

Mar 21 Locke 1

Ellen Meiksins Wood, Liberty & Property, pp. 256-278.

John Locke, Two Treatises of Government [1689] (First Treatise, chapters: I-VI).

Mar 28 Locke 2

John Locke, Two Treatises of Government (Second Treatise, chapters: I-XIV).

Apr 4 Political Theory in the XVII Century: A Critical Comparison

The reading for this week is a text by choice (it will be distributed in March).

January 2013

Additional info
  • University Name: York University

York University

AS/POLS 3020 3.0 M (W)

Utopia, Power and Sovereignty

Winter 2012

Course Director: Marcello Musto

Lecture Time: Thu 16:00 – 19:00

Class Location: ACW 303

Office Location: Ross Building, N 813 Office Hour: Tue 15:30-16:30 / Thu 19:00-20:00

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Phone: 416 – 736 2100, Ext. 20241

Course Syllabus

This course will examine, drawing on an interdisciplinary approach, the major developments in European political thought of the Sixteenth century. The first two lectures will offer an overview of the historical, productive and social characteristics of the principal European countries of the time, analyzing, in particular, the colonization of the Americas and its effects, structural changes of economy, and demographic, cultural and religious trends.

The central part of the course will concentrate on theories related to the rise of the modern state. The formation of the modern state will be analyzed through the works written in the midst of the most important political and cultural occurrences of the century: the Italian Renaissance, the Protestant reformation, and the French Wars of Religion. These three events resulted in: I) the development of a firm distinction between morality and politics, with the primacy of the latter (Machiavelli and Botero); II) the elaboration of a doctrine of the State in service of the "true religion" (Luther, Calvin, the Monarchomachs, Suarez); and III) the making of a theory of sovereignty as a remedy to the upheavals of the epoch (Bodin).

In addition to these authors, special attention will be given to the voices of protest of some of the major Christian humanists, social reformers and political philosophers of the period, in particular More, Campanella, Bacon, de las Casas and Althusius.

Course Requirements

Class Participation:

This course is taught in weekly lectures lasting 2 hours and 50 minutes. Attendance and informed participation (students are expected complete the assignment readings on time) at all classes is strongly required.

Midterm Examination:

A Midterm Exam will be held on February 16 at the regular class time and place. The exam will last 75 minutes and it will consist of answering 3 questions drawn from the readings assigned until that date.

Final Paper:

The final paper has to be related to the authors and the writings read during the course (papers with a critical analysis of the authors included in the readings, or with a comparison among their different conceptions, are the most welcome).

The Final Paper should:

- be approximately 5000 words, including footnotes and bibliography (roughly 20 pages double spaced 12 pt. 'Times New Roman' font);

- be clearly structured (divided in at least 3/4 sections), and written with rigorous evidence;

- be argued with documentation from a critical sources (1-2 books and/or articles per page is a good rule of thumb). These sources may include some of the assigned readings, but must also evidence original research.

- have references from hard copy books with the indication of page numbers. Papers with references from internet - unless they are truly necessary - will be penalized.

Final papers will be due 5 April, in hard copy and by email. Late assignment will be penalized.

Warning: the paper must be entirely your own work. No plagiarism.

Access to Readings:

Many of the required readings are available on-line (more information on them could be found at www.marcellomusto.com). Giovanni Botero, The Reason of State (Routledge 1956) is on reserve at Scott library; while the following books have been ordered for the bookstore:

Euan Cameron (ed.), The Sixteenth Century (Oxford 2006).

P. Bondanella - M. Musa (eds), The Portable Machiavelli (Penguin).

Martin Luther- John Calvin, On Secular Authority (Cambridge University Press).

Thomas More, Utopia (Penguin).

Jean Bodin, On Sovereignty: Six Books Of The Commonwealth (CreateSpace).

Johannes Althusius, Politica (Liberty Fund Inc.).

Useful Links on the XVI Century:

Timeline:

http://chowkafat.net/Chron/Chron9e.html

http://www.magicdragon.com/UltimateSF/timeline16.html

http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce16.htm

Maps:

http://www.emersonkent.com/maps_by_year_from_1501.htm

Inventions and technological and scientific discoveries:

http://inventors.about.com/od/timelines/a/Sixteenth.htm

Literature:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/16th_century_in_literature

Life in the XVI Century:

http://www.answerbag.com/q_view/2072677

http://www.lepg.org/sixteen.htm

http://www.localhistories.org/tudor.html

A Chronology of Slavery, Abolition, and Emancipation in the Sixteenth Century:

http://www.brycchancarey.com/slavery/chrono3.htm

Recommended Books on European History:

http://early-moderneurope.blogspot.com/2008/09/list-of-recommended-books.html

Course Evaluation

Class Participation

20%

Mid Term Exam

30%

Final paper

50%

Mid-term class participation marks will be available, if necessary, by email the week of 27 February.

Schedule of Classes and Readings

Jan 5 Introduction and Overview

Jan 12 The Socio-historical Origins of European Modern Thought

Euan Cameron (ed.), The Sixteenth Century, pp. 19-57, 89-115 ('Introduction' by Euan Cameron and Chapters: 1. 'The Economy' by Tom Scott, and 3. 'Society' by Christopher Black).

Jan 19 The Primacy of Politics

Peter Bondanella - Mark Musa, Introduction: An Essay on Machiavelli, pp. 9-40.

Niccolò Machiavelli, The Prince [1532], pp. 77-166.

http://www.gutenberg.org/files/1232/1232-h/1232-h.htm

Jan 26 The Protestant Reformation

Harro Höpfl, Introduction, and Glossary, pp. vii-xxiii and xxxii-xxxviii

Martin Luther, On Secular Authority [1523], pp. 3-43.

Feb 2 The Clerical State

Harro Höpfl, Glossary, pp. xxxviii-xliii.

John Calvin, Institutes of the Christian Religion [1536] (Book Fourth, chapters: 2 'Comparison between the false church and the true', 11 'Of the jurisdiction of the church, and the abuses of it, as exemplified in the papacy', and 20 'Of civil government') [The latter is included in Martin Luther - John Calvin, On Secular Authority, Cambridge University Press, pp. 47-86]

http://www.ccel.org/ccel/calvin/institutes.toc.html

Feb 9 Utopianism I

Paul Turner, Introduction, pp. xi-xxiv.

Thomas More, Utopia [1516], pp. 1-117.

Feb 16 Utopianism II

Tommaso Campanella, The city of the sun [1602].

http://ebooks.adelaide.edu.au/c/campanella/tommaso/c18c/

Francis Bacon, The new atlantis [1626].

http://oregonstate.edu/instruct/phl302/texts/bacon/atlantis.html

Mar 1 The Colonization and its Effects

Bartolomé De las Casas, A Brief Account of the Destruction of the Indies [1552].

http://www.gutenberg.org/cache/epub/20321/pg20321.html

Mar 8 T he Monarchomachs and the right to resistance

Stephen Junius Brutus, A Defense of Liberty Against Tyrants [1579].

http://www.lonang.com/exlibris/misc/1579-vct.htm

Francisco Suarez, Defense of the Catholic and Apostolic Faith against the Errors of Anglicanism [1613] (Book 3, chapters: 1, 2, 5, 22 and 23).

http://www.aristotelophile.com/Books/Translations/Suarez%20Defense%203.pdf

Mar 15 The Birth of the Modern Concept of Sovereignty

M. J. Tooley, Introduction, pp. 9-42.

Jean Bodin, The Six Books of the Commonwealth [1576] (Book I, pp. 43-90, except chapter IX-XVII: pp. 76-79; Book III, pp. 117-147, Book VI, pp. 221-251).

Mar 22 The Science of the State

Giovanni Botero, The Reason of State [1589] (Books I, II, III, IV and VII).

Mar 29 Politics as Consociatio Universalis

Johannes Althusius, Politica [1603] (Abridged translation of Politics Methodically Set Forth, and Illustrated with Sacred and Profane Examples], pp. 12-203 (except chapters IX-XVII: pp. 61-86 and chapters XXVIII-XXXVII: pp. 154-184).

http://oll.libertyfund.org/index.php?option=com_staticxt&staticfile=show.php%3Ftitle=692&layout=html

January 2013

Additional info
  • University Name: York University

York University

POLS 4906 3.0(A) (F)

Political Thought Capstone: Marx

Fall 2010

Course Director: Dr. Marcello Musto

Lecture Time: Tue, 11:30 – 14.30

Class Location: Vanier College 102

Office Location: 620 Atkinson College Office Hours: Tue. 15:30-16:30

Emails: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Phone: 416 – 736 2100 Ext. 20241

Course Syllabus

Having been wrongly identified with the Soviet Union and ‘actually existing socialism’, Marx was almost unanimously written off after the fall of the Berlin Wall and consigned to oblivion. Yet, since the outbreak of the current international economic crisis, his thought has again been attracting major attention: the study of his work is reviving almost everywhere, and university courses on Marx are again in vogue.

This course will centre on the critical interpretation of some of Marx’s main writings. It will examine various phases of his intellectual output: early philosophical and political writings, studies of political economy, historical and political works from 1848-1852, journalistic pieces from the 1850s, the drafting of Capital, political activity in the International Workingmen’s Association, the last decade of his life and work. The study of his intellectual biography will, it is hoped, bring out the theoretical gains that were decisive for the development of his thought. Reconstruction of the period and of his personal circumstances will always place the texts in their historical context, and a close examination of the drafts and preparatory materials will show the influence of certain predecessors and contemporaries in the formation of his own ideas. Close attention will also be paid to philological insights contained in recent German volumes of the historical-critical Marx-Engels-Gesamtausgabe (many of which are still unknown in the English-speaking world), and the resulting new interpretations of Marx’s unfinished manuscripts (for example, the Economic-Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844, The German Ideology and Volumes Two and Three of Capital) will be compared with the erroneous readings of these texts by the main twentieth-century variants of Marxism.

The final part of the course will look critically at some characteristics of the main schools of Marxism in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and consider the most important works published in recent years on the continuing relevance of Marx’s thought for an understanding of the contemporary world and its problems.

Course Requirements and evaluation

Class Participation

35%

Presentation (20 - 30 min.)

15%

Final paper proposal

10%

Final paper (5000 words)

40%

Mid-term class participation marks will be available by appointment the week of 25 October; please contact me by email the week prior if you would like such an appointment.

Class participation

Attendance and informed participation at all class meetings is not only strongly recommended, but required. Students are expected to attend class regularly, complete the assignment readings on time and participate actively in class discussion. Participation will be marked for: attendance and quality of participation.

Presentation

Each class will begin with 30 minutes of student presentations on the assigned readings for that session. Presentations should:

- give all the pertinent biographical information about the authors and the historical context in which the assigned texts were written

- provide an overview of the key arguments and information within the assigned readings

- identify the controversies explicitly raised or implied by the material

- critically analyse the materials

- conclude with three discussion questions for the group to consider.

Final paper proposal

Students are free to propose their own final paper topic in this course. Final paper proposals should be 3-4 pages and demonstrate that you have sufficiently researched this topic to conclude that it is a suitable topic for the final paper. Proposals should include the following information:

- Topic. You may choose any topic related to the topics contained within the course outline. Be as specific as possible

- An annotated bibliography of at least 3 sources you have consulted, not from the course outline. Each entry must include: a) the full and complete bibliographic citation; and b) a brief assessment of why you think the source will be useful for your paper

- Preliminary outline of the argument of your paper. This discussion should be a prose (i.e., not bullet-point) summary of your preliminary argument, that provides an outline of the argument you expect to make. It should also include a list of the probable sections into which your paper will be divided.

Final papers proposal will be due 23 November, in hard copy and by email. Late assignments will be penalized.

Final paper

The final research papers should be approximately 5000 words (including footnotes but not bibliography; roughly 15-20 pages double spaced 12 pt. times new roman font). The topic of the paper must be the one approved through the prewriting assignment. Strong papers will be clearly structured, written and argued, with rigorous evidence and documentation from a number of sources (1-2 per page of an assignment is a good rule of thumb). These sources may include the assigned readings, but must also evidence original research.

Final papers will be due 17 December, in hard copy and by email. Late assignments will be penalized.

Note: K. Marx’s Early Writings (Penguin, 1992), K. Marx – F. Engels Communist Manifesto (Verso, 1998) and K. Marx’s Grundrisse (Penguin, 1973) have been ordered for the bookstore and are available at Scott library. M. Musto (ed.), Karl Marx’s Grundrisse. Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy (Routledge, 2008) is on library reserve. The volumes of Marx-Engels Collected Works are available online at http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/cw/index.htm and at Scott library. M. Musto and T. Carver’s articles are available on-line without charge to York students and will also be on library reserve. A list of texts by choice for the last two classes will be distributed during the course.

Schedule of Lectures and Required Reading

Sept 14 Introduction and Overview

Sept 21 Different Marx, Different Marxisms

Marcello Musto, “The Rediscovery of Karl Marx”, International Review of Social History, vol. 52 part 3, 2007: 477-498.

Sept 28 Education and Early Writings (1818-43)

“Letter to his Father (November 10 1837)”; “On the Jewish Question”; “Contribution to a Critique of Hegel’s Philosophy of Right. Introduction”.

Oct 5 The Discovery of Political Economy (1844)

Economic-Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844 .

Recommended: Marcello Musto, “Marx in Paris. Manuscripts and notebooks of 1844”, Science & Society, vol. 73, n. 3 (July 2009): 386-402.

Oct 19 First Outline of the Materialist Conception of History (1845-47)

“Preface to A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy” (1859); The German Ideology (Chap. I: “Feuerbach: Opposition of the Materialist and Idealist Outlooks”); The Poverty of Philosophy (Chap. II: “The Metaphysics of Political Economy”). Recommended: Theses on Feuerbach ; Terrell Carver “The German Ideology Never Took Place”, History of Political Thought, 31(1): 107-127.

Oct 26 Bourgeoisie, Proletariat and Class Struggle (1848)

Manifesto of the Communist Party (with F. Engels); Eric Hobsbawm, “Introduction to The Communist Manifesto. A Modern Edition”, Verso 1998: 3-29.

Nov 2 Advancing the Critique of Political Economy: the London Notebooks and Marx as an Economic Journalist (1849-56)

“Wage-Labour and Capital”; Three articles by choice from the New-York Tribune; Marcello Musto, “The Formation of Marx’s Critique of Political Economy. From the Studies of 1843 to the Grundrisse”, Socialism & Democracy, nr. 54 (2010): 66-100.

Nov 9 The First World Economic Crisis and the Grundrisse (1857-58)

Three articles by choice on the Economic Crisis from the New-York Tribune; Grundrisse (“Fragment on Machines”).

Recommended: Marcello Musto (ed.), Karl Marx’s Grundrisse. Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy (Chap. 12: “Dissemination and Reception of the Grundrisse in the World:Introduction”), 2008: 179-188.

Nov 16 The Making of Capital (1859-81)

Capital, vol. I (Chap. I, § 4: “The Fetishism of Commodities and the Secret Thereof”, Chap. 13: “Co-operation”, Chap. 25, § 3: “Progressive Production of a Relative Surplus Population or Industrial Reserve Army”; Part VII: “The So-called Primitive Accumulation”); Capital, vol. III (Chap. XXVII: “The Role of Credit in Capitalist Production”).

Nov 23 Political Activities in the IWA (1864-72)

“Inaugural Address of the International Working Men’s Association”; The Civil War in France.

PAPER PROPOSAL DUE

Nov 30 The Studies of the Last Decade (1873-83)

“Notes on Bakunin’s Statism and Anarchy”; Critique of the Gotha Programme; “Interview with Karl Marx (January 5 1879)”; “The Programme of the Parti Ouvrier” (with J. Guesde); “Letter (and Drafts) to Vera Zasulich”.

Dec 7 Marxisms after Marx

A text by choice among a group of the most important Marxist writings (essays or chapters of books) of the Nineteenth and the Twentieth centuries.

Dec 14 Is Marx still important today?

An article by choice among a group of brief journalistic pieces on the current importance of Marx.

Dec 17 RESEARCH PAPER DUE

January 2013

Additional info
  • University Name: York University

York University

AP/POLS 4010 3.0 M (W)

History of Political Thought:

Socialist Thought from the French Revolution

to the Fall of the Berlin Wall


Winter 2012

Course Director: Marcello Musto

Lecture Time: Tue 11:30 – 14.30

Class Location: Ross Building, N 812

Office Location: Ross Building, N 813
Office Hour: Tue 15:30-16:30 / Thu 19:00-20:00

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Phone: 416 – 736 2100, Ext. 20241

Course Syllabus


The course will centre on the principal European conceptions of Socialism between 1789 and 1989. Its first part will be dedicated to some of the most important Socialist thinkers of the Nineteenth Century (Saint-Simon, Fourier, Owen, Proudhon, Lassalle, Marx, Bakunin, and the Fabians), while the second part will focus on the analysis of the main Marxist controversies and Socialist political experiences of the Twentieth Century (especially the Bernstein Debate of the Second International, and the so-called “actually existing socialism” in Soviet Union expressed in the works of Lenin and Stalin).

Goal of the course is to examine the characteristics and distinguishing features of the varied Socialisms articulated by the authors above. The selection of readings will focus on the writings in which these thinkers developed their theories of how a Socialist society should be economically and politically organized.

Special attention will be dedicated to Marx’s Socialism and to his critique of other Socialisms, including Anarchism. Though he never composed a single text specifically on Socialism and post-capitalist society, through his critique of capitalism Marx pointed to some of the key social features and relations of production in the “society of free producers” which would replace the capitalist social formation. The course will explore the originality of Marx’s theories in comparison with those of his socialist predecessors, as well as the differences between his ideas and the historical record of “actually existing Socialism”.

The last class will review the course and examine the most relevant contemporary Socialist theoretical and political interventions (such as those offered by Latin American socialist governments, the European Communist parties, the Socialist International, the so-called 'Socialism of the XXI Century', and the Alter-globalization movement).

Course Requirements

Class Participation:

This course is taught in weekly seminars lasting 2 hours and 50 minutes. Attendance and informed participation at all class meetings is not only strongly recommended, but required. Students are expected to attend class regularly, complete the assignment readings on time and participate actively in class discussion. Participation will be marked for attendance and quality of participation.

Presentation:

Each class will begin with student presentation (not exceeding 30 minutes) on the assigned readings. Moreover, there will be one discussant, who will start the discussion by responding to the presentation(s). Presenter should give a 1/2 pages summary of their presentation to her/his discussant a day in advance of the class, and should also provide photocopies of the summary for other students.

A good presentation is very important to stimulate the discussion. Therefore, please avoid just reading a paper aloud, and try to draw the attention of the class to issues on which the presenter would like class discussion and comment. Presentations should:

- give all the pertinent biographical information about the author(s) in question and the historical context in which the assigned texts were written;

- reconstruct the argument of the author(s) examined, and provide an overview of the assigned readings;

- identify the key questions for discussion, and the controversies implied by the material;

- critically analyze the texts (for example: what are the limitations of the position expressed in the readings?);

- Identify anything you found unclear or hard to understand;

- conclude with three discussion questions for the group to consider.

Final Paper Proposal:

Students are free to propose their own final paper topic, but it has to be related to the authors and/or the writings read during the course (papers on the Socialist "models" of the authors included in the program, or on the comparison among different Socialist conceptions, are the most welcome).

Final paper proposal should be 3-4 pages and should include the following information:

- Indication of the title;

- An annotated bibliography of at least 3 sources consulted, not from the course outline. Each entry must include: a) the full and complete bibliographic citation; and b) a brief assessment of why you think the source will be useful for your paper;

- Preliminary outline of your paper. This text should be a prose summary (i.e., not bullet-point) of your preliminary argument, that provides an outline of the paper you expect to write. It should also include a list of the probable sections into which your paper will be divided.

Final papers proposal will be due 28 February, in hard copy and by email. Late assignment will be penalized.

Final Paper:

The topic of the paper must be the one approved through the Final Paper Proposal. The Final Paper should:

- be approximately 5000 words, including footnotes and bibliography (roughly 20 pages double spaced 12 pt. 'Times New Toman' font);

- be clearly structured (divided in at least 3/4 sections), and written with rigorous evidence;

- be argued with documentation from a critical sources (1-2 books and/or articles per page is a good rule of thumb). These sources may include some of the assigned readings, but must also evidence original research.

- have references from hard copy books with the indication of page numbers. Papers with references from internet - unless they are truly necessary - will be penalized.

Final papers will be due 5 April, in hard copy and by email. Late assignment will be penalized.

Warning: the paper must be entirely your own work. No plagiarism.

Access to Readings:

The reading list has been organised as follows. Each topic specifies a number of Required Readings. These are the minimum which you must read every week in order to be able to participate fully in the seminar discussions. You can go deeper into the topic using the Additional Readings, especially when you prepare your presentation and write your essays.

Many of the required readings are available on-line (more information on the course could be also found at www.marcellomusto.com); while the following articles and books are available on-line (for example the articles from The Nation) or on reserve at Scott library:

Paresh Chattopadhyay, 'The Economic Content of Socialism: Marx vs. Lenin', Review of Radical Political Economics, Vol.24, n. 3-4 (1992).

Paresh Chattopadhyay, The Marxian Concept of Capital and the Soviet Experience, Westport, CT: Praeger 1994.

Paresh Chattopadhyay, 'The Failure of Twentieth-Century Socialism and Marx’s Continuing Relevance', Socialism and Democracy, vol. 24, n. 3 (2010): 23-45.

George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume I: The Forerunners 1789-1850, London: MacMillan 1962.

George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume II: Marxism and Anarchism 1850-1890, London: MacMillan 1961.

Hal Draper, Karl Marx’s Theory of Revolution. Vol. IV: Critique of Other Socialisms, New York: Monthly Review 1990.

Eric J. Hobsbawm, The Age of Revolution 1789-1848, Chicago: Mentor 1962.

Eric Hobsbawm, ed., The History of Marxism, Volume 1: Marxism in Marx's day, Brighton: Harvester 1982.

Harry W. Laidler, History of Socialism, New York: Thomas Y. Crowell 1968.

Carl Landauer, European Socialism, Berkeley/Los Angeles: University of California Press 1959.

Marcello Musto, 'The Rediscovery of Karl Marx', International Review of Social History, Vol. 52, part 3 (2007).

David McNally, Against the Market: Political Economy, Market Socialism and the Marxist Critique, London: Verso 1993.

Clara Zetkin, 'What the Women Owe to Karl Marx', in Frank Mecklenburg - Manfred Stassen, German Essays on Socialism in the Nineteenth Century, New York: Continuum 1990, pp. 237-241.

Course Evaluation

Class Participation

35%

Presentation

15%

Final paper proposal

10%

Final paper

40%

Mid-term class participation marks will be available by appointment the week of 27 February; please contact me by email the week prior if you would like such an appointment.

Schedule of Classes and Readings

Jan 3 Introduction and Overview

Jan 10 The Early Socialists I: Saint Simon and Fourier

Required Readings:

Carl Landauer, European Socialism, pp. 21-46 (Chap. I: 'The Three Anticapitalistic Movement', sections 1, 2, 3 and 4).

George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume I: The Forerunners 1789-1850, pp. 37-50 and 62-74 (Chap. IV: 'Saint-Simon', and Chap. VI: 'Fourier and Fourierism').

Charles Fourier, 'The Phalanstery' (Fragment I) http://marxists.org/reference/archive/fourier/works/ch20.htm

Charles Fourier, 'The Phalanstery' (Fragment II).
http://marxists.org/reference/archive/fourier/works/ch27.htm

Charles Fourier, 'Attractive Labour'

http://marxists.org/reference/archive/fourier/works/ch26.htm

Additional Readings:

Friedrich Engels, Socialism: Utopian and Scientific (Chap. I: 'The Development of Utopian Socialism').

http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1880/soc-utop/index.htm

Eric J. Hobsbawm, The Age of Revolution 1789-1848, pp. 22-43 and 363-374 (Chap. 1 and Maps).

Jan 17 The Early Socialists II: Owen

Required Readings:

Carl Landauer, European Socialism, pp. 46-59 (Chap. I: 'The Three Anticapitalistic Movement', section 5).

George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume I: The Forerunners 1789-1850, pp. 86-101 (Chap. IX: 'Owen and Owenism - Earlier Phases').

Robert Owen, A New View of Society (Essay Two: 'The Principles of the Former Essay continued, and applied in part to Practice', and Essay Four: 'The end of government is to make the governed and the governors happy').
http://marxists.org/reference/subject/economics/owen/index.htm#new-view

Additional Readings:

George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume I: The Forerunners 1789-1850, pp. 120-131 (Chap. XI: 'Owen and the Trade Unions - The end of Owenism').

Eric J. Hobsbawm, The Age of Revolution 1789-1848, pp. 44-73 (Chap. 2).

Jan 24 Proudhon, or Socialism as Workers’ Self-Management

Required Readings:

Carl Landauer, European Socialism, pp. 59-68 (Chap. I: 'The Three Anticapitalistic Movement', section 6).

George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume I: The Forerunners 1789-1850, pp. 201-218 (Chap. XIX: 'Proudhon').

Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, General Idea of the Revolution in the Nineteenth Century (Chap. III: 'The Principle of Association', and Chap. VI: section 3: 'Division of Labour, Collective Forces, Machines, Workingmen’s Associations').
http://fair-use.org/p-j-proudhon/general-idea-of-the-revolution/

Karl Marx, On Proudhon

http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1865/letters/65_01_24.htm

Friedrich Engels – Karl Marx, Manifesto of the Communist Party (Chap. III: 'Socialist and Communist Literature').

http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1848/communist-manifesto/index.htm

Additional Readings:

David McNally, Against the Market: Political Economy, Market Socialism and the Marxist Critique, pp. 139-169 (Chap. 5: 'Proudhon Did Enormous Mischief': Marx's Critique of the First Market Socialists').

Jan 31 Lassalle and the State Socialism

Required Readings:

George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume II: Marxism and Anarchism 1850-1890, pp. 71-87 (Chap. V: 'Lassalle').

Ferdinand Lassalle, The Working Man’s Programme
http://books.google.com/books?id=jAnvxDwjIYgC&pg=PA1&lpg=PA1&dq=%E2%80%A2%09Ferdinand+Lassalle,+The+Working+Man%E2%80%99s+Programme+edward+peters&source=bl&ots=ZWTEvlgAeO&sig=yI4lwocg9JhlwhW8CtoLpR2rBl4&hl=it&ei=BZMyS7OGO42xlAevv4ygBw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3&ved=0CBQQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=%E2%80%A2%09Ferdinand%20Lassalle%2C%20The%20Working%20Man%E2%80%99s%20Programme%20edward%20peters&f=false

Hal Draper, Karl Marx’s Theory of Revolution. Vol. IV: Critique of Other Socialisms, pp. 41-71 (Chap. 3: 'Of State-Socialism: Lassallean Model').

Additional Readings:

Hal Draper, Karl Marx’s Theory of Revolution. Vol. IV: Critique of Other Socialisms, pp. 241-269 ('Special Note A. Lassalle and Marx: History of a Myth').

Eduard Bernstein, Ferdinand Lassalle as a Social Reformer (Chap. VII: 'The Open Reply Letter; its economic portion - The Iron Law of Wages, and productive co-operative societies with State-Help').

http://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/bernstein/works/1893/lassalle/chap07.htm

Feb 7 Marx's Socialism, or t he Associated Mode of Production

Required Readings:

Marcello Musto, 'The Rediscovery of Karl Marx', International Review of Social History, Vol. 52, part 3 (2007): 477-498.

Eric Hobsbawm, 'Marx, Engels and Pre-Marxian socialism', in idem, ed., The History of Marxism, Volume 1: Marxism in Marx's day.

Friedrich Engels – Karl Marx, Manifesto of the Communist Party (Chap. I: 'Bourgeois and Proletarians', and Chap. II: 'Proletarians and Communists').

http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1848/communist-manifesto/index.htm 

Karl Marx, Capital (Chap. I, section 4: 'The Fetishism of the Commodity and Its Secret').

http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1867-c1/ch01.htm#S4

Karl Marx, Critique of the Gotha Programme.

http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1875/gotha/index.htm

Additional Readings:

Karl Marx, Grundrisse ('The Fragments on Machines', pp. 690-712).

http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1857/grundrisse/index.htm

Also available here:

thenewobjectivity.com/pdf/marx.pdf

Ernest Mandel, 'Marx, Karl Heinrich', in John Eatwell - Murray Milgate - Peter Newman (eds), The New Palgrave: A Dictionary of Economics, Volume 3 , pp. 367-383.

http://www.marxists.org/archive/mandel/19xx/marx/

Clara Zetkin, 'What the Women Owe to Karl Marx', in Frank Mecklenburg - Manfred Stassen, German Essays on Socialism in the Nineteenth Century, pp. 237-241.

Feb 14 Anarchism Versus Socialism

Required Readings:

Peter Kropotkin, 'Anarchism' (from The Encyclopaedia Britannica).

http://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/kropotkin-peter/1910/britannica.htm

George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume II: Marxism and Anarchism 1850-1890, pp. 213-236 (Chap. IX: 'Bakunin').

Mikhail Bakunin, 'Revolutionary Catechism'.

http://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/bakunin/works/1866/catechism.htm

Karl Marx, Conspectus of Bakunin’s 'Statism and Anarchy'.

http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1874/04/bakunin-notes.htm

Friedrick Engels, On Authority.

http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1872/10/authority.htm

Karl Marx, Political Indifferentism.

http://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1873/01/indifferentism.htm

Additional Readings:

 Maximilien Rubel, Theoretician of Anarchism.

http://www.marxists.org/archive/rubel/1973/marx-anarchism.htm

George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume II: Marxism and Anarchism 1850-1890, pp. 315-360 (Chap. XII: 'Anarchists and Anarchist-Communists - Kropotkin').

Feb 28 Fabianism, or the Reformist Socialism

Required Readings:

Harry W. Laidler, History of Socialism, pp. 184-222.

Sidney Webb, Historic , in George Bernard Shaw(ed.), Fabian Essays in Socialism, pp. 3-43.

http://oll.libertyfund.org/?option=com_staticxt&staticfile=show.php%3Ftitle=298

Additional Readings:

Graham Wallas, Property under Socialism , in George Bernard Shaw(ed.), Fabian Essays in Socialism, pp. 163-185.

http://oll.libertyfund.org/?option=com_staticxt&staticfile=show.php%3Ftitle=298

Mar 6 Evolutionary Socialism or Revolutionary Socialism? The Bernstein Debate

Required Readings:

Eduard Bernstein, The Preconditions of Socialism (Chap. III: 'The Tasks and Possibilities of Social Democracy').

http://marxists.org/reference/archive/bernstein/works/1899/evsoc/index.htm

Rosa Luxemburg, Reform or Revolution.

http://www.marxists.org/archive/luxemburg/1900/reform-revolution/index.htm

Additional Readings:

George D.H. Cole, Socialist Thought, Volume II: Marxism and Anarchism 1850-1890, pp. 425-444 (Chap. XII: 'Socialism in the Early 1890s. Conclusion').

Mar 13 Lenin and the Bolshevik Socialism

Required Readings:

Vladimir Lenin, The State and Revolution (Chapters I, II, III, V).

http://www.marxists.org/archive/lenin/works/1917/staterev/

Paresh Chattopadhyay, 'The Economic Content of Socialism: Marx vs. Lenin', Review of Radical Political Economics, Vol.24, n. 3-4 (1992): 90-110.

Additional Readings:

Paresh Chattopadhyay, 'The Failure of Twentieth-Century Socialism and Marx’s Continuing Relevance', Socialism and Democracy, vol. 24, n. 3 (2010): 23-45.

Vladimir Lenin, 'Last Testament: Letter to the Congress'.

http://www.marxists.org/archive/lenin/works/1922/dec/testamnt/congress.htm

Mar 20 Stalin and the Socialism in One Country

Required Readings:

Joseph Stalin, Concerning Questions of Leninism (Chapters 4, 5, 6).

http://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/stalin/works/1926/01/25.htm

Joseph Stalin, Economic Problems of the Socialism in the USSR (Chapters 1, 2, 3, 7).

http://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/stalin/works/1951/economic-problems/index.htm

Paresh Chattopadhyay, The Marxian Concept of Capital and the Soviet Experience, pp. 101-119 (Chap. 6: 'The Soviet Economy as a Non-Capitalist Economy: Theoretical Considerations').

Additional Readings:

Joseph Stalin, Once More on the Social-Democratic Deviation in our Party [1926] (Report Delivered on December 7, Sections III: 'The Disagreements in the C.P.S.U.(B.)', and Reply to the Discussion, December 13, Section III: 'The Question of Building Socialism in the U.S.S.R.').

http://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/stalin/works/1926/11/22.htm

Boris Souvarine, Stalin: A Critical Survey of Bolshevism (Chap. X: 'Stalin').

http://www.marxists.org/history/etol/writers/souvar/works/stalin/ch10.htm

Mar 27 The Contemporary Prospects of Socialism

An article (by choice) among those written for the Forum on Socialism in The Nation.

http://www.thenation.com/article/socialists-need-be-where-struggle

A list of other texts for the last class will be distributed during the course.

January 2013

Additional info
  • University Name: York University

York University

POLS 4090/5090 3.0A (F)

Classical Marxist Theory

Fall 2009

Dr. Marcello Musto

S612 Ross Bldg
Hours: Mon. 2:00-3:00; Thu. 2:00-3:00

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Phone: 416 – 736 2100 – 20241

Course Syllabus

Having been wrongly identified with the Soviet Union and ‘actually existing socialism’, Marx was almost unanimously written off after the fall of the Berlin Wall and consigned to oblivion. Yet, since the outbreak of the current international economic crisis, his thought has again been attracting major attention: the study of his work is reviving almost everywhere, and university courses on Marx are again in vogue.

January 2013

Additional info
  • University Name: York University

York University

Department of Sociology

Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies

Organized Crime

Winter 2014

Course Director: Dr. Marcello Musto

Class Time: Thursday 7:00-10:00

Class Location: VH 3017

Office Location: 637 Atkinson College Office Hours: Thursday 6:00-7:00

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Phone: 416 – 736 2100 Ext. 22565

Course Syllabus

The course will centre on the analysis of Organized Crime in the world today. The selection of readings focuses on the characteristics and distinguishing features of various conceptions of criminal organizations, and the relationship between criminalized commodities and the global economy.

The first part of the course will critically analyze the various definitions, models and historical and contemporary perspectives on organized crime in our increasingly globalized society. Issues will include the relationship between organized crime and social and political movements of resistance and rebellion, and the evolution of criminalized commodities. Special attention will be then dedicated to some of the most important contemporary criminal groups and organizations, focusing particularly on the cases of Colombia (the drug cartels of Medellin and Cali), Mexico (the drug war started in 2006), Italy (Mafia, Camorra and 'Ndrangheta), Russia, China (including the special case of Hong Kong) and the Japanese Yakuza.

In conclusion, the last three classes will examine human trafficking and the evolving relations between organized crime and states/political forces. The international trafficking of workers – not only women in sex trades, but also 'illegal' migrants – has burgeoned with the global economy. At the same time, while states have sometimes had success in curtailing specific criminal groups (eg, the Sicilian Mafia), states have also used criminal organizations in secret wars, assisted criminals in wholesale plunder of public resources, and failed spectacularly in numerous so-called 'wars' on crime. The political economy of organized crime bears not only on the security of citizens, but on the potential for democratic social life.

Course Requirements and Evaluation

Class Participation

30%

Presentation

20%

Final paper

50%

Class Participation:

This course is taught in weekly seminars lasting 2 hours and 50 minutes. Attendance and informed participation at all class meetings is not only strongly recommended, but required. Students are expected to attend class regularly, complete the assignment readings on time and participate actively in class discussion. Participation will be marked for attendance and quality of participation.

Presentation:

Each class will begin with a student presentation (not exceeding 30 minutes) on the assigned readings. Presenters should provide a 2 page summary (by photocopy) of her/his presentation for other students.

A good presentation is very important to stimulate discussion. Therefore, please avoid just reading from a paper, and try to present ideas and raise questions for the engagement of others. Presentations should:

- reconstruct the argument of the author(s), and provide an overview of the assigned readings;

- identify the key questions for discussion, and the controversies implied by the material;

- critically analyze the texts (for example: what are the limitations of the position expressed in the readings?);

- Identify anything you found unclear or hard to understand;

- conclude with three discussion questions for the group to consider.

Final Paper:

Students are free to propose their own final paper topic in this course, but it has to be related to the authors and/or the writings contained within the course syllabus. The Final Paper should:

- be approximately 5000 words, including footnotes but not bibliography (roughly 20 pages double spaced 12 pt. times new Roman font);

- be clearly structured (divided into at least 3/4 sections), and written with rigorous evidence (particularly references to published works);

- be argued with documentation from critical sources (1-2 books and/or articles per page is a good rule of thumb). These sources may include some of the assigned readings, but must also evidence discovered though original research.

Final papers will be due 11 April by email. Late assignment will be penalized.

Warning: the paper must be entirely your own work. Be sure to meet all requirements of academic integrity (ie, no plagiarism).

Access to Readings:

The titles Stephen Mallory, Understanding organized crime, Jones and Bartlett (2007) andEric Wilson (Ed.), Government of the Shadows, Pluto Press (2009)have been ordered atYork Bookstore. Many of the required readings are available on-line. In addition Stephen Mallory, Understanding organized crime; Ioan Grillo, El Narco: Inside Mexico's Criminal Insurgency, Bloomsbury Press (2011); and Peter B.E. Hill, The Japanese Mafia: Yakuza, Law, and the State, Oxford University Press (2003) are on reserve at Scott library.

Note:

Mid-term class participation marks will be available by email or by appointment the week of 10 February.

Schedule of Classes and Readings

Jan 9 Introduction and Overview

Jan 16 Definitions and Models of Organized Crime

Stephen Mallory, Understanding organized crime, Jones and Bartlett 2007 (chapters 1, 2 and 3).

http://samples.jbpub.com/9781449648046/22572_CH01_V1.pdf

Jan 23 Organized Crime in the Globalized World

THE GLOBALIZATION OF CRIME: A TRANSNATIONAL ORGANIZED CRIME

THREAT ASSESSMENT , UNODC (2010)

http://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/tocta/TOCTA_Report_2010_low_res.pdf

(Introduction, Conclusions and chapters 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, and 10).

Jan 30 Drug Cartels in C olombia

Stephen Mallory, Understanding organized crime (chapter 4).

Francisco Thoumi, “From Drug Lords to Warlords: Illegal Drugs and the 'Unintended' Consequences of Drug Policies in Colombia”, in Eric Wilson (Ed.), Government of the Shadows, Pluto Press (2009).

Francisco Thoumi. 2011. “Killing Time in Medellin”, Open Democracy.

http://www.opendemocracy.net/francisco-e-thoumi-lukas-jaramillo-escobar/killing-time-in-medellin

Feb 6 Mexico's Drug War

Stephen Mallory, Understanding organized crime (chapter 5).

Peter Dale Scott, “Drugs, Parapolitics, and Mexico: The DFS, the Drug Traffic, and the United States”, in Eric Wilson (Ed.), Government of the Shadows.

Ioan Grillo, El Narco: Inside Mexico's Criminal Insurgency, Bloomsbury Press (2011) (chapters 7, 13, 14, and Afterwords).

Feb 13 Cosa Nostra and the Italian Experience

Stephen Mallory, Understanding organized crime (chapter 7).

Henner Hess, “The Sicilian Mafia: Para-state and Adventure Capitalism”, in Eric Wilson (Ed.), Government of the Shadows,

Federico Varese, “Mafia Movements: A framework for Understanding the Mobility of Mafia Groups”, Global Crime, Vol. 12 (2011), Issue 3.

Feb 27 The Russian Mafia

Stephen Mallory, Understanding organized crime (chapter 6).

Joseph Albini, "Russian Organized Crime: Its History, Structure and Function", in Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice 11 (4) (1995).

http://ccj.sagepub.com/content/11/4/213.short

Alexander Shvarts. 2003. “The Russian Mafia: Expulsion of Law”, Contemporary Justice Review, Vol. 6(4) pp 363-382.

“Russian Mafia Abroad”, Moscow Times.

http://www.themoscowtimes.com/columns//article/russian-mafia-abroad-now-300000-strong-journal-says/400786.html

Mar 6 Organized Crime in China (and Hong Kong): Then and Today

Stephen Mallory, Understanding organized crime (chapter 9).

Lo, T. Wing. "Beyond social capital: Triad organized crime in Hong Kong and China." British Journal of Criminology 50.5 (2010): 851-872.

Wang, Peng. "The Increasing Threat of Chinese Organised Crime: national, regional and international perspectives", The RUSI Journal Vol. 158, No.4, (2013): 6-18.

Roderic Broadhurst, Crime Trends in Hong Kong http://www.crime.hku.hk/rb-crimetrends.htm

Natalie Wong, “Dragons smell blood again”

http://www.thestandard.com.hk/news_detail.asp?pp_cat=36&art_id=107259&sid=30994212&con_type=3&d_str=20110121&isSearch=1&sear_year=2011

Mar 13 Japanese Crime and the Yakuza

Stephen Mallory, Understanding organized crime, Jones and Bartlett 2007 (chapters 8).

Peter B.E. Hill, The Japanese Mafia: Yakuza, Law, and the State, Oxford University Press (2003) (chapters 3 and 7).

Mar 20 Organized Crime and Human trafficking

Global report on Trafficking in Persons, UNODC 2009.

http://www.unodc.org/documents/human-trafficking/Global_Report_on_TIP.pdf

('Global Overview' at pp. 22-76 and a 'region profile' by choice)

Global Report on Trafficking in Persons 2012.

http://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/glotip/Trafficking_in_Persons_2012_web.pdf

(especially chapters 1 and 3).

Mar 27 Organized Crime, Forced Labour and Slavery

Kevin Bales, Disposable People: New Slavery in the Global Economy

(chapters TBA).

The Global Slavery Index 2013.

http://www.globalslaveryindex.org/

(Sections I, II and II plus 5 countries each student in 'Responses')

Apr 3 Politics and Organized Crime

A text of your choice from among the following chapters of Eric Wilson (Ed.), Government of the Shadows:

Eric Wilson “Deconstructing the Shadows”.

Mark Findlay “Governing Through Globalised Crime”.

Guilhem Fabre “Prospering from Crime: Money Laundering and Financial Crises” Howard Dick “The Shadow Economy: Markets, Crime and the State” Vincenzo Ruggiero “Transnational Crime and Global Illicit Economies” William Reno “Redefining Statehood in the Global Periphery”.

January 2013